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Generationen- oder Parteienkonflikt?: Eine empirische Analyse der deutschen Hochschulausgaben

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  • Ulrich Oberndorfer
  • Viktor Steiner

Abstract

In diesem Beitrag wird auf der Basis von Paneldaten für die westdeutschen Bundesländer untersucht, ob und in welchem Maße der demographische Wandel sowie die unterschiedlichen politischen Parteienkonstellationen die Hochschulausgaben auf Länderebene beeinflussen. Wir finden empirische Evidenz für die Hypothese, dass die Hochschulausgaben negativ von der Bevölkerungsalterung abhängen, allerdings hängt dieses Ergebnis von der Spezifikation der Demographie-Variablen ab. In einer Spezifikation finden wir eine statistisch signifikante Elastizität der Hochschulausgaben bezüglich der Bevölkerungsalterung von größer als -1. Die geschätzten Effekte unterschiedlicher parteipolitische Konstellationen auf die Hochschulausgaben sind robust bezüglich alternativer Schätzverfahren sowie Spezifikationen der Demographie-Variablen. Allerdings entsprechen diese nicht der klassischen Partisanentheorie, nach der Parteien des linken Spektrums zu höheren Staatsausgaben neigen. Nach unseren Schätzergebnissen sind Regierungszeiten mit bürgerlichen Konstellationen sowie der Großen Koalition auf Länderebene mit höheren Hochschulausgaben verbunden als jene von SPDAlleinregierungen. Hauptgrund hierfür dürfte eine Klientelpolitik der Parteien sein, wenn man unterstellt, dass etwa bürgerliche Parteien ihre Wählerschaft vornehmlich aus den Schichten rekrutieren, die tendenziell hohe Hochschulausgaben unterstützen.

Suggested Citation

  • Ulrich Oberndorfer & Viktor Steiner, 2006. "Generationen- oder Parteienkonflikt?: Eine empirische Analyse der deutschen Hochschulausgaben," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 603, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp603
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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