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Issues on the Measurement of the Solow Residual and the Testing of its Exogeneity: a Tale of Two Countries

Using aggregate US and Canadian data, this paper examines the implications for the empirical assessment of market structure and exogeneity of productivity shocks of correcting the Solow residual for variation in capacity utilization. In contrast to most studies, not accounting for capacity utilization, our results suggest that the US and Canadian market structures are well described by constant returns to scale and perfect competition. They also suggest that Canadian productivity shocks are exogenous to real and monetary variables, while US productivity shocks become exogenous to narrowly-defined monetary aggregates and monetary policy innovations when the capital stock is adjusted for variations in utilization rates. À l'aide de données agrégées américaines et canadiennes, nous examinons les implications empiriques quant à la structure de marché et à l'exogénéité des chocs de productivité, suite à la correction de la mesure du résidu de Solow lorsqu'il y a utilisation variable du capital. Comparativement, à la plupart des études qui ont ignoré cette considération, nos résultats suggèrent qu'en agrégé, les structures de marché canadienne et américaine sont convenablement caractérisées par des rendements constants à l'échelle et la concurrence parfaite. Nous trouvons aussi qu'après ajustement pour un taux variable d'utilisation du stock de capital, la mesure corrigée des chocs de productivité canadiens est exogène aux variables monétaires et réelles, alors que celle des chocs de productivité américains devient exogène aux agrégats monétaires étroits et aux innovations monétaires.

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Paper provided by CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal in its series Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers with number 51.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Aug 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:51
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