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Nested logit or random coefficients logit? A comparison of alternative discrete choice models of product differentiation

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  • Grigolon, Laura
  • Verboven, Frank

Abstract

We start from an aggregate random coefficients nested logit (RCNL) model to provide a systematic comparison between the tractable logit and nested logit (NL) models with the computationally more complex random coefficients logit (RC) model. We first use simulated data to assess possible parameter biases when the true model is a RCNL model. We then use data on the automobile market to estimate the different models, and as an illustration assess what they imply for competition policy analysis. As expected, the simple logit model is rejected against the NL and RC model, but both of these models are in turn rejected against the more general RCNL model. While the NL and RC models result in quite different substitution patterns, they give robust policy conclusions on the predicted price effects from mergers. In contrast, the conclusions for market definition are not robust across different demand models. In general, our findings suggest that it is important to account for sources of market segmentation that are not captured by continuous characteristics in the RC model.

Suggested Citation

  • Grigolon, Laura & Verboven, Frank, 2011. "Nested logit or random coefficients logit? A comparison of alternative discrete choice models of product differentiation," CEPR Discussion Papers 8584, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8584
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert C. Feenstra & James A. Levinsohn, 1995. "Estimating Markups and Market Conduct with Multidimensional Product Attributes," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(1), pages 19-52.
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    6. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Frank Verboven, 2001. "The Evolution of Price Dispersion in the European Car Market," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 811-848.
    7. Frank Verboven, 1996. "International Price Discrimination in the European Car Market," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(2), pages 240-268, Summer.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Laura Grigolon, 2017. "Blurred boundaries: a flexible approach for segmentation applied to the car market," Department of Economics Working Papers 2017-17, McMaster University.
    2. Juan Esteban Carranza & Alejandra Ximena González, 2014. "Estimación de la demanda de vehículos nuevos de los hogares colombianos entre 2001 y 2011," Borradores de Economia 824, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Linn, Joshua, "undated". "Explaining the Adoption of Diesel Fuel Passenger Cars in Europe," Discussion Papers dp-14-08-rev, Resources For the Future.
    4. Ivaldi, Marc & Zhang, Jiekai, 2015. "Advertising competition in the French free-to-air television broadcasting industry," TSE Working Papers 15-578, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Apr 2018.
    5. Noton, Carlos, 2016. "Structural estimation of price adjustment costs in the European car market," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 105-147.
    6. Marc Ivaldi & Jiekai Zhang, 2017. "Advertising Competition in the Free-to-Air TV Broadcasting Industry," CESifo Working Paper Series 6461, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. Björnerstedt, Jonas & Verboven, Frank, 2012. "Does Merger Simulation Work? A "Natural Experiment" in the Swedish Analgesics Market Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 9027, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Tomaso Duso & Annika Herr & Moritz Suppliet, 2014. "The Welfare Impact Of Parallel Imports: A Structural Approach Applied To The German Market For Oral Anti‐Diabetics," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(9), pages 1036-1057, September.
    9. Ivaldi, Marc & Lagos, Vicente, 2016. "Assessment of Post-merger Coordinated Effects: Characterization by Simulations," CEPR Discussion Papers 11218, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. WATANABE Mariko, 2015. "Identifying Competition Neutrality of SOEs in China," Discussion papers 15134, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    11. repec:eee:indorg:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:267-305 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Federico Ciliberto & GianCarlo Moschini & Edward D. Perry, 2017. "Valuing Product Innovation: Genetically Engineered Varieties in U.S. Corn and Soybeans," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 17-wp576, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    13. Ivaldi, Marc & Muller-Vibes, Catherine, 2018. "The Differentiated Effect of Advertising on Readership: Evidence from a Two-Sided Market Approach," TSE Working Papers 18-900, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    14. Pauline Givord & Céline Grislain-Letrémy & Helene Naegele, 2014. "How Does Fuel Taxation Impact New Car Purchases?: An Evaluation Using French Consumer-Level Data," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1428, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    15. Watanabe, Mariko & Kojima, Michikazu, 2016. "Energy efficiency standard and labeling program and consumer welfare : a case of the air conditioner market in China," IDE Discussion Papers 602, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    16. repec:eee:ijrema:v:33:y:2016:i:3:p:557-577 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Linn, Joshua, 2014. "Explaining the Adoption of Diesel Fuel Passenger Cars in Europe," Discussion Papers dp-14-08, Resources For the Future.
    18. Joao Macieira & Pedro Pereira & Joao Vareda, 2013. "Bundling Incentives in Markets with Product Complementarities: The Case of Triple-Play," Working Papers 13-15, NET Institute.
    19. Nurski, Laura & Verboven, Frank, 2014. "Incumbency advantages, distribution networks and exclusivity — Evidence from the European car markets," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 75-79.
    20. Malina, Christiane, 2016. "The environmental impact of vehicle circulation tax reform in Germany," CAWM Discussion Papers 86, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).
    21. Watanabe, Mariko, 2016. "Does market upgrading benefit farmers? : market differentiation, contract farming, and professional cooperatives in China's pork processing industry," IDE Discussion Papers 612, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    automobile market; competition policy; discrete choice; nested logit; random coefficients logit;

    JEL classification:

    • L00 - Industrial Organization - - General - - - General
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment

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