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Economies of Scale in European Manufacturing Revisited

  • Henriksen, Espen
  • Steen, Frode
  • Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene

We test for internal and external economies of scale in European manufacturing, employing a more disaggregated data set than has been used in earlier analyses. We aim to separate externalities from common business cycle effects. Fifteen European manufacturing industries in Germany, France, the UK and Italy are analysed. We focus on economies of scale at three levels: the national industry, the national industrial cluster and the transnational industry. Our results suggest that external economies of scale arising from inter-industry external effects and cross-country effects are less prevalent than increasing returns at the level of the industry and firm. Our results underscore the importance of the level of disaggregation in studies of internal and external economies of scale and argue that the external effects are highly country and industry specific.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2896.

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Date of creation: Jul 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2896
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  1. Basu, S. & Fernald, J.G., 1993. "Are Apparent Productive Spillovers a Figment of Specification Error," Papers 93-22, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
  2. Knarvik, K.H.M. & Steen, F., 1997. "Self-reinforcing Agglomerations? An empirical industry study," Papers 14/97, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  3. Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "International R&D Spillovers," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9208, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  4. Caballero, Ricardo J. & Lyons, Richard K., 1990. "Internal versus external economies in European industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 805-826, June.
  5. Bartelsman, Eric J & Caballero, Ricardo J & Lyons, Richard K, 1994. "Customer- and Supplier-Driven Externalities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1075-84, September.
  6. Michael Benarroch, 1997. "Returns to Scale in Canadian Manufacturing: An Interprovincial Comparison," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1083-1103, November.
  7. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 142, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  8. Tor Jakob Klette, 1994. "Estimating Price- Cost Margins and Scale Economies from a Panel of Microdata," Discussion Papers 130, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
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