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Valuation in the Public and Private Sectors: Tax, Risk, Debt Capacity, and the Cost of Capital

Author

Listed:
  • Brealey, Richard
  • Cooper, Ian
  • Habib, Michel Antoine

Abstract

The public and private sector costs of capital differ in the presence of taxes, because taxes are a cost to the private but not the public sector. We use a quasi-arbitrage approach to show how to include taxes in a comparison of capital costs. We find that taxes induce distortions that generate a systematic private sector preference for assets with rapid tax depreciation, high debt capacity, and low risk. We examine the implications of that preference for privatization, government outsourcing, and regulation. Our approach facilitates the analysis of transactions such as pure risk transfers, otherwise difficult using standard discounting methods.

Suggested Citation

  • Brealey, Richard & Cooper, Ian & Habib, Michel Antoine, 2018. "Valuation in the Public and Private Sectors: Tax, Risk, Debt Capacity, and the Cost of Capital," CEPR Discussion Papers 13277, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13277
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost of capital; debt capacity; private sector; Public sector; risk; tax; Valuation;

    JEL classification:

    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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