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Dynamic externalities, local industrial structure and economic development: panel data evidence for Morocco

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  • Maurice J.G. Bun

    () (University of Amsterdam)

  • Abdel El Makhloufi

    () (University of Amsterdam)

Abstract

Bun M. J. G. and El Makhloufi A. (2007) Dynamic externalities, local industrial structure and economic development: panel data evidence for Morocco, Regional Studies 41, 823-837. The impact of industrial structure on local economic development is analysed for the case of Morocco. Using annual data for six urban areas and 18 industrial sectors indicators for specialization, diversity and competition of firms within a particular region are constructed for the years 1985-1995. The effects of these and other explanatory variables on local economic activity are estimated using a dynamic panel data model with both individual and time-specific effects. The estimation results suggest significant positive specialization and diversity effects and significant negative competition effects asserting the importance of industrial structure for local economic development. The empirical evidence is robust to the measure of economic activity used in the analysis, i.e. either employment or value added. A similar analysis is conducted restricting the space to the region of Casablanca. Using data on seven districts and 18 sectors for the period 1992-1995 again significant externalities are found within this specific region. Bun M. J. G. et El Makhloufi A. (2007) Les effets externes dynamiques, la structure industrielle locale et le developpement economique: des donnees permanentes pour le Maroc, Regional Studies 41, 823-837. Cet article cherche a analyser l'impact de la structure industrielle sur le developement economique local au Maroc. A partir des donnees annuelles aupres de 6 zones urbaines et 18 secteurs industriels, on construit des indicateurs de specialisation, de diversite et de competition pour les entreprises situees au sein d'une region donnee entre 1985 et 1995. Employant un modele dynamique fonde sur des donnees permanentes et dote des effets individuels et decales dans le temps, on estime l'impact de ces variables-la et des autres variables explicatives sur l'activite e
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Suggested Citation

  • Maurice J.G. Bun & Abdel El Makhloufi, 2002. "Dynamic externalities, local industrial structure and economic development: panel data evidence for Morocco," 10th International Conference on Panel Data, Berlin, July 5-6, 2002 D5-2, International Conferences on Panel Data.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpd:pd2002:d5-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Mameli & Simona Iammarino & Ron Boschma, 2012. "Regional variety and employment growth in Italian labour market areas: services versus manufacturing industries," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1203, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Feb 2012.
    2. Mohamed Amara & Mohamed Ayadi, 2011. "Local Employment Growth in the Coastal Area of Tunisia: A Dynamic Spatial Panel Approach," Working Papers 650, Economic Research Forum, revised 12 Jan 2011.
    3. ZHAO Ting & ZHAO Wei, 2012. "Dynamic Externalities and Manufacturing Productivity: An empirical comparison among China's top three municipalities," Discussion papers 12072, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Zheng, Xiao-Ping, 2010. "A cointegration analysis of dynamic externalities," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 130-140, March.
    5. Georgios Fotopoulos & Dimitris Kallioras & George Petrakos, 2010. "Spatial variations of Greek manufacturing employment growth: The effects of specialization and international trade," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(1), pages 109-133, March.
    6. Rosa Bernardini Papalia & Silvia Bertarelli, 2009. "Decomposing productivity patterns in a conditional convergence framework," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 57-75, February.

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