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Competition for market share or for market size: oligopolistic equilibria with varying competitive toughness

  • d'ASPREMONT, Claude
  • GÉRARD-VARET, Louis-André

We propose a comprehensive concept of oligopolistic equilibrium, allowing for a parametrized continuum of competition regimes, with each firm setting simultaneously both its price and its quantity and facing two constraints: one relative to its share ofthe market, the other relative to the size of the market. The type of solution (i.e. the competition regime) will vary according to the values of the Lagrange multipliers associated with each of these two constraints. In the homogeneous case, the set of oligopolistic equilibria will be shown to include the Cournot solution at tone extreme, when competition is extremely soft, as well as the competitive equilibrium at the other extreme, when competition is extremely tough. The set of equilibria may be characterized as supply function equilibria, with firms strategy spaces restricted to the set of non-decreasing supply functions, or, alternatively, as a selected subset of the outcomes obtained by conjectural variations of a particular type (the compensating ones). The proposed concept of oligopolistic equilibrium is also applicable to an industry supplying a group of differentiated products, the homogeneous product being the limit case corresponding to perfect substitutability.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2003010.

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Date of creation: 00 Feb 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2003010
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  7. Moreno, Diego & Delgado, Juan, 1999. "Coalition-proof supply function equilibria in oligopoly," UC3M Working papers. Economics 6145, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
  8. Nirvikar Singh & Xavier Vives, 1984. "Price and Quantity Competition in a Differentiated Duopoly," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 15(4), pages 546-554, Winter.
  9. Philippe Aghion & Christopher Harris & Peter Howitt & John Vickers, 2001. "Competition, Imitation and Growth with Step-by-Step Innovation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(3), pages 467-492.
  10. Rotemberg, Julio J & Woodford, Michael, 1992. "Oligopolistic Pricing and the Effects of Aggregate Demand on Economic Activity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1153-1207, December.
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  12. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
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  16. Shapiro, Carl, 1989. "Theories of oligopoly behavior," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 329-414 Elsevier.
  17. Barbara J. Spencer & James A. Brander, 1982. "Strategic Commitment with R&D: The Symmetric Case," Working Papers 516, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  18. Aghion, Philippe & Harris, Christopher & Vickers, John, 1997. "Competition and growth with step-by-step innovation: An example," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 771-782, April.
  19. Encaoua, D. & Ulph, D., 2000. "Catching-up or Leapfrogging ? The Effects of Competition on Innovation and Growth," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.97, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  20. Osborne, Martin J. & Pitchik, Carolyn, 1983. "Price Competition in a Capacity-Constrained Duopoly," Working Papers 83-08, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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  22. Vickers, John, 1985. "Delegation and the Theory of the Firm," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(380a), pages 138-47, Supplemen.
  23. d'ASPREMONT, C. & DOS SANTOS FERREIRA, R. & GÉRARD-VARET, L.-A., . "On the Dixit-Stiglitz model of monopolistic competition," CORE Discussion Papers RP 1211, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  24. Dixit, Avinash K, 1986. "Comparative Statics for Oligopoly," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(1), pages 107-22, February.
  25. Grossman, Sanford J, 1981. "Nash Equilibrium and the Industrial Organization of Markets with Large Fixed Costs," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(5), pages 1149-72, September.
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