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How Does the Share of Imports Change During Structural Adjustment?

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Abstract

Estimating the price responsiveness of market shares during a period of structural transition requires a distinction to be made between responses to variables explicitly recognized in the model and those due to more general changes in the trading environment. Often the latter are minimally modelled as market penetration curves taking the form of a sigmoid trend. Broadly this is the approach followed in the present paper; however, the trend 'parameter' capturing ultimate market share at a fixed level of price competitiveness is itself made a logistic function of the relative price variable measuring such competitiveness. The application of the model is to quarterly data on the share of imports in Australian personal consumption over the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s. Most of the signal relevant to price competition between domestic and imported consumer goods occurred over the four years 1985-1988. This coincided with sizeable movements in the real exchange rate; and therefore, presumably, with collinear movements in the prices of the components within the domestic and the imported aggregates, which would be favourable circumstances for the application of Hicks' composite commodity idea. The responses in aggregate market shares during this episode suggest a very long-run Armington elasticity in the range 3.4 to 4.8, with short-run (quarterly) values of 0.6 to 0.8.

Suggested Citation

  • Alan A. Powell, 1997. "How Does the Share of Imports Change During Structural Adjustment?," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers op-86, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:cop:wpaper:op-86
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chris M. Alaouze & John S. Marsden & John Zeitsch, 1977. "Estimates of the Elasticity of Substitution Between Imported and Domestically Produced Commodities at the Four Digit ASIC Level," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers o-11, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    2. Giles, D. E. A. & King, M. L., 1978. "Fourth-order autocorrelation : Further significance points for the Wallis test," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 255-259, October.
    3. Fry, Jane M. & Fry, Tim R. L. & McLaren, Keith R., 1996. "The stochastic specification of demand share equations: Restricting budget shares to the unit simplex," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 377-385, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    import substitution; Armington elasticity; consumption; structural adjustment; logistic function; market penetration curve;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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