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Determinantes del estado de salud de la población colombiana


  • Luis Miguel Tovar Cuevas


RESUMEN En este artículo, mediante un análisis marginal, se establecen y evalúan los factores determinantes del estado de salud de los colombianos, a partir de los datos obtenidos en la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida, realizada por el DANE en el año 2003.Se utilizó un modelo de respuesta múltiple ordenado. Los resultados son coherentes con la teoría de la demanda por salud y con los principales estudios empíricos nacionales e internacionales. Se encontró que el estado de salud está determinado por la edad, el ingreso, el nivel educativo, la actividad laboral, la ubicación geográfica, el género, los hábitos de las personas, y la seguridad social en salud. ABSTRACT Using a marginal analysis, this article identifies and evaluates the determining factors in the state of ealth of Colombians, using data obtained from the National Survey on the Quality of Life, carried out by DANE in 2003, and using an ordered multiple reply model. The results are coherent with the theory of the demand for health, and with the main empirical domestic and international studies. It was found that the state of health is determined by age, income, the level of education, occupation, geographical location, gender, personal habits and social security in health.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Miguel Tovar Cuevas, 2005. "Determinantes del estado de salud de la población colombiana," Economía, Gestión y Desarrollo 002326, Universidad Javeriana - Cali.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000097:002326

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Thomas, Duncan & Strauss, John, 1997. "Health and wages: Evidence on men and women in urban Brazil," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 159-185, March.
    2. Juan Miguel Gallego & Manuel Ramírez Gómez & Carlos Sepúlveda, 2005. "The Determinants of The Health Status in a Developing Country: results from the Colombian Case," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 63, pages 111-135, Julio-Dic.
    3. Wagstaff, Adam, 1986. "The demand for health : Some new empirical evidence," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 195-233, September.
    4. repec:idb:idbbks:321 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Manuel Ramírez & Darwin Cortés & Juan Miguel Gallego, 2002. "El gasto en salud de los hogares colombianos : Un analisis descriptivo," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 57, pages 87-125, Julio - D.
    6. Antonio J. Trujillo, 2003. "Medical care use and selection in a social health insurance with an equalization fund: evidence from Colombia," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 231-246.
    7. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1981. "Qualitative Response Models: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 19(4), pages 1483-1536, December.
    8. Behrman, Jere R., 1993. "The economic rationale for investing in nutrition in developing countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 21(11), pages 1749-1771, November.
    9. Pitt, Mark M & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Hassan, Md Nazmul, 1990. "Productivity, Health, and Inequality in the Intrahousehold Distribution of Food in Low-Income Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1139-1156, December.
    10. Ried, Walter, 1998. "Comparative dynamic analysis of the full Grossman model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 383-425, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Grupo GES, 2005. "Macroeconomía y salud en Colombia," Observatorio Seguridad Social 003183, Grupo de Economía de la Salud.
    2. Jhorland Ayala García, 2015. "El acceso a la consulta médica general en Colombia," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 9(1), pages 175-207, June.
    3. Luz Adriana Giraldo Balcázar1, 2008. "¿Influyó La Ley 100 Sobre El Bienestar De Los Hogares Colombianos?," Documentos de Trabajo - CIDSE 004503, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE.
    4. Grupo de Economía de la Salud & Jairo Humberto Restrepo, 2005. "Macroeconomía y salud en Colombia," Observatorio Seguridad Social 015590, Grupo de Economía de la Salud.
    5. Gustavo Adolfo García Cruz. & Luís Miguel Tovar Cuevas, 2006. "La Percepción del Estado de Salud: Una Mirada a las Regiones desde la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida 2003," Documentos de Trabajo - CIDSE 003972, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE.

    More about this item


    demanda de salud; seguridad social; modelo ordenado; política social; capital salud; economía de la salud; salud;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General


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