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El gasto en salud de los hogares colombianos: un análisis descriptivo


  • Manuel Ramirez


  • Darwin Cortes


  • Juan Miguel Gallego



From the Choice Theory we considered the way in which certain population characteristics affect the households health expenditure in Colombia. The approach of this paper is based on Deaton’s work (1980), where the choice set of the individuals is the intercession of the budgetary set and the consumption set. The analysis of the paths of the health expenditure for the Colombian households has a variance analysis approach taking data from the “Encuesta de Calidad de Vida de 1997 (ECV97)”. We fund that the households spend the 9,62% of their current income in health. The most important variables that explain the paths of the health expenditure are the geographic location; the social-economic level of the households; the affiliation’ type to the health system; the occupation and the educative level of the household head; and the epidemiologists characteristic of the households. ********************************************************************* A partir de la teoría de la elección se plantea la forma como ciertas características poblacionales afectan el gasto en salud de los hogares colombianos. El enfoque está basado en el trabajo de Deaton (1980), donde el conjunto de elección de los individuos es la intercesión del conjunto presupuestal y el conjunto de consumo. El análisis de los senderos de gasto en salud para los hogares colombianos utiliza un enfoque de análisis de varianza tomando datos de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida de 1997 -ECV97. En general se encuentra que los hogares gastan el 9.62% de sus ingresos corrientes en salud, y que las variables más importantes para explicar el sendero de gasto son la ubicación geográfica; el estrato del hogar; el tipo de afiliación al sistema de salud, el tipo de ocupación y el nivel educativo del jefe del hogar; y las características epidemiológicas del hogar.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Ramirez & Darwin Cortes & Juan Miguel Gallego, 2002. "El gasto en salud de los hogares colombianos: un análisis descriptivo," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002506, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000091:002506

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    Cited by:

    1. Grupo de Economía de la Salud -GES-, 2005. "Equidad en salud: panorama de Colombia y situación en Antioquia," OBSERVATORIO SEGURIDAD SOCIAL 002581, GRUPO DE ECONOMÍA DE LA SALUD.
    2. Luis Miguel Tovar Cuevas, 2005. "Determinantes del estado de salud de la población colombiana," ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO 002326, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI.


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