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Una mirada a los gastos de bolsillo en salud para Colombia


  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena


  • Alejandro Silva-Ureña


Este documento tiene como propósito realizar un diagnóstico de los gastos de bolsillo en salud, establecer cómo afectan los patrones de gasto de los hogares e identificar los factores asociados a la carga de los gastos de salud que estos deben enfrentar. Los resultados muestran que la mayor carga de los gastos del sector es asumida por el sector público, lo que le ha permitido a los hogares mantener una baja carga de gastos cuando se compara con los países vecinos. En el ámbito regional se observó que la región Caribe es la que mayores gastos de bolsillo enfrenta. Por otro lado, se encontró que la edad del jefe de hogar, su género, su condición de afiliación a los seguros de salud y la composición etaria de los hogares son algunos de los factores que mayor relación presentan con la incidencia de los gastos de bolsillo. ****** ABSTRACT: The main goals of this paper are: first, to make a national and regional analysis of the out-of-pocket expenditures; second, to find out the effects of them on the households’ spending patterns; and third, to identify the factors related to the incidence of the out-of-pocket expenditures. The results show that most of the general expenditure in health is assumed by the public sector, which in turn has allowed households to have a low expenditure in health’s incidence when compared with neighbor countries. At regional level, the Caribbean is the part of the country where the population faces the highest out-of-pocket expenditures in health. On the other hand, it was found that head of household’s age, her gender, her affiliation status to the health insurance, and the age composition of households are the ones showing the closest relationship with households’ incidence of out-of-pocket expenditures in health.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Alejandro Silva-Ureña, 2015. "Una mirada a los gastos de bolsillo en salud para Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 012780, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:012780

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    Gastos de bolsillo en salud; economía del consumidor; bienestar;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General


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