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El Producto Potencial En Colombia: Una Estimación Bajo Var Estructural

  • Martha Misas Arango

    ()

  • Enrique López Enciso

    ()

En este trabajo se aplica la técnica de vectores autoregresivos estructurales desarrollada por Blanchard y Quah, con el fin de construir el producto potencial para Colombia. Su utiliza un sistema de dos variables que permite obtener una identificación exacta a partir de una restricción teórica de largo plazo. Los resultados de la estimación muestran la importancia de los choques de oferta en las fluctuaciones del producto y de los choques de demanda en aquellas del desempleo. Adicionalmente, el producto potencial se utiliza en la construcción de la brecha de producto ("GAP"), que posibilita examinar en detalle el comportamiento reciente de la economía colombiana. Esta variable permite estimar un modelo de incremento de la inflación derivado de la Curva de Philips. En este último ejercicio se presentan evidencias de la existencia de efectos asimétricos del "GAP" sobre la inflación colombiana.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002538.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 30 Jun 1998
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002538
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  1. Hodrick, Robert J & Prescott, Edward C, 1997. "Postwar U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(1), pages 1-16, February.
  2. Kwiatkowski, D. & Phillips, P.C.B. & Schmidt, P., 1990. "Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against the Alternative of Unit Root : How Sure are we that Economic Time Series have a Unit Root?," Papers 8905, Michigan State - Econometrics and Economic Theory.
  3. Alain DeSerres & Alain Guay & Pierre St-Amant, 1995. "Estimating and Projecting Potential Output Using Structural VAR Methodology," Macroeconomics 9504003, EconWPA.
  4. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  5. Hatanaka, Michio, 1996. "Time-Series-Based Econometrics: Unit Roots and Co-integrations," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773535, March.
  6. Matthew D. Shapiro & Mark W. Watson, 1988. "Sources of Business Cycle Fluctuations," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 870, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  7. Chantal Dupasquier & Alain Guay & Pierre St-Amant, 1997. "A Comparison of Alternative Methodologies for Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap," Working Papers 97-5, Bank of Canada.
  8. Timothy Cogley & James M. Nason, 1993. "Effects of the Hodrick-Prescott filter on trend and difference stationary time series: implications for business cycle research," Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory 93-01, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  9. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
  10. Nelson, Charles R. & Plosser, Charles I., 1982. "Trends and random walks in macroeconmic time series : Some evidence and implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 139-162.
  11. Roberto Junguito B. & Enrique López E. & Martha Misas A. & Eduardo Sarmiento, 1995. "La Edificación y la Política Macroeconómica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002989, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  12. Guay, A & St-Amant, P, 1996. "Do Mechanical Filters Provide a Good Approximation of Business Cycles?," Working Papers-Department of Finance Canada 1996-2, Department of Finance Canada.
  13. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
  14. Luis Fernando Melo & Alvaro Riascos, . "El Producto Potencial utilizando el Filtro de Hodrick- Prescott con Parámetro de Suavización Variable y Ajustado por Inflación: Una Aplicación para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 083, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  15. María Ripoll & Martha Misas & Enrique López, . "Una Descripción del Ciclo Industrial en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 033, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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