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El Producto Potencial En Colombia: Una Estimación Bajo Var Estructural

  • Martha Misas Arango

    ()

  • Enrique López Enciso

    ()

En este trabajo se aplica la técnica de vectores autoregresivos estructurales desarrollada por Blanchard y Quah, con el fin de construir el producto potencial para Colombia. Su utiliza un sistema de dos variables que permite obtener una identificación exacta a partir de una restricción teórica de largo plazo. Los resultados de la estimación muestran la importancia de los choques de oferta en las fluctuaciones del producto y de los choques de demanda en aquellas del desempleo. Adicionalmente, el producto potencial se utiliza en la construcción de la brecha de producto ("GAP"), que posibilita examinar en detalle el comportamiento reciente de la economía colombiana. Esta variable permite estimar un modelo de incremento de la inflación derivado de la Curva de Philips. En este último ejercicio se presentan evidencias de la existencia de efectos asimétricos del "GAP" sobre la inflación colombiana.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002538.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 30 Jun 1998
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002538
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  1. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  2. Matthew Shapiro & Mark Watson, 1988. "Sources of Business Cycles Fluctuations," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1988, Volume 3, pages 111-156 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Robert J. Hodrick & Edward Prescott, 1981. "Post-War U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Discussion Papers 451, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  4. Luis Fernando Melo V. & AlvaroRiascos, 1997. "El Producto Potencial Utilizando El Filtro De Hodrick-Prescott Con Parametro De Suavización Variable Y Ajustado Por Inflacion: Una Aplicación Para Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002539, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Denis Kwiatkowski & Peter C.B. Phillips & Peter Schmidt, 1991. "Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against the Alternative of a Unit Root: How Sure Are We That Economic Time Series Have a Unit Root?," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 979, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  6. Chantal Dupasquier & Alain Guay & Pierre St-Amant, 1997. "A Comparison of Alternative Methodologies for Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap," Working Papers 97-5, Bank of Canada.
  7. Timothy Cogley & James M. Nason, 1993. "Effects of the Hodrick-Prescott filter on trend and difference stationary time series: implications for business cycle research," Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory 93-01, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  8. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
  9. Guay, A & St-Amant, P, 1996. "Do Mechanical Filters Provide a Good Approximation of Business Cycles?," Technical Reports 78, Bank of Canada.
  10. Nelson, Charles R. & Plosser, Charles I., 1982. "Trends and random walks in macroeconmic time series : Some evidence and implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 139-162.
  11. María Ripoll & Martha Misas & Enrique López, . "Una Descripción del Ciclo Industrial en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 033, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  12. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
  13. Alain DeSerres & Alain Guay & Pierre St-Amant, 1995. "Estimating and Projecting Potential Output Using Structural VAR Methodology," Macroeconomics 9504003, EconWPA.
  14. Hatanaka, Michio, 1996. "Time-Series-Based Econometrics: Unit Roots and Co-integrations," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773535.
  15. Roberto Junguito B. & Enrique López & Martha Misas & Eduardo Sarmiento, . "La Edificación y la Política Macroeconómica," Borradores de Economia 041, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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