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El poder de un refrigerio. La alimentación escolar y sus efectos educativos en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Sofía Collante Zárate
  • Catherine Rodríguez
  • Fabio Sanchez

Abstract

¿Un refrigerio hace la diferencia en el proceso educativo? Este artículo presenta los impactos del Programa de Alimentación Escolar (PAE) de Colombia sobre indicadores educativos en el país. Las estimaciones utilizan información censal y explotan los diferentes niveles de exposición al programa por parte de los hogares entre 2012 y 2019, cuando ocurrió una masiva expansión del programa. Los resultados indican que el PAE aumenta la permanencia de los estudiantes en el sistema escolar y mejora el logro educativo. Los resultados senalan que un estudiante beneficiario del programa comparado con su hermano o hermana que no lo es, tiene 10% menor probabilidad de ausentarse y desertar del sistema educativo y 6% menor probabilidad de repetir grado. Además, aumenta en 25% la probabilidad de presentar la prueba Saber 11 (prueba que se toma al culminar la educación media), y en alrededor de 0.1 desviaciones estándar el puntaje en esa prueba. Así, el programa incentiva los estudiantes a asistir a la escuela, lo que incrementa los anos cursados y el aprendizaje.

Suggested Citation

  • Sofía Collante Zárate & Catherine Rodríguez & Fabio Sanchez, 2022. "El poder de un refrigerio. La alimentación escolar y sus efectos educativos en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 20223, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:020223
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Alimentación escolar; educación; permanencia escolar; logro educativo; evaluación de impacto; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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