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Die Lohnentwicklung in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Mitgliedsländern der EU


  • Vasily Astrov
  • Mario Holzner
  • Sebastian Leitner
  • Isilda Mara
  • Leon Podkaminer
  • Armon Rezai


This publication is available in German language only. For a brief English summary see further below. Die Arbeitsmärkte in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Mitgliedsländern der EU (EU-MOE-8) haben sich seit der globalen Wirtschaftskrise von 2008-2009 deutlich verbessert. Die Arbeitslosenraten gingen kontinuierlich zurück, in erster Linie aufgrund rückläufiger demographischer Entwicklungen und massiver Auswanderung Richtung Westen, was eine Schrumpfung der Bevölkerung im erwerbsfähigen Alter zur Folge hatte. Trotzdem war das Lohnwachstum in den EU-MOE-8 noch bis vor kurzem eher verhalten, was dazu führte, dass die Lohnquote generell stabil blieb. Die sogenannte Phillips-Kurve, die einen negativen Zusammenhang zwischen Arbeitslosigkeit und Lohnwachstum darstellt, gilt also in diesem Zeitraum für die meisten EU-MOE-8 nicht – anders als etwa in Österreich oder Deutschland. Der Hauptgrund dafür ist die voranschreitende Flexibilisierung und Liberalisierung der Arbeitsmärkte der EU-MOE-Länder in den Jahren seit der Wirtschaftskrise. Vor allem die Lohnverhandlungsmechanismen wurden dezentralisiert, und der Grad der kollektivvertraglichen Abdeckung ging, zum Teil dramatisch, zurück. Dies hatte tendenziell eine Verschlechterung der Verhandlungsposition der ArbeitnehmerInnen zur Folge, wodurch die positiven Effekte der allgemeinen Verbesserung der Arbeitsmarktlage konterkariert wurden. English Summary Wage developments in the Central and East European Member States of the EU Labour markets in the Central and East European Member States of the EU (EU-CEE-8) have improved significantly since the global economic crisis of 2008-2009. Unemployment rates declined steadily, primarily due to adverse demographic trends and massive outward migration to the West, which resulted in a decline in the working-age population. Nevertheless, until recently wage growth in EU-CEE-8 was rather restrained, resulting in generally stable wage shares. The so-called Phillips curve, which represents a ne
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Suggested Citation

  • Vasily Astrov & Mario Holzner & Sebastian Leitner & Isilda Mara & Leon Podkaminer & Armon Rezai, 2018. "Die Lohnentwicklung in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Mitgliedsländern der EU," Working Paper Reihe der AK Wien - Materialien zu Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 178, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik.
  • Handle: RePEc:clr:mwugar:178

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hazans, Mihails, 2011. "What explains prevalence of informal employment in European countries : the role of labor institutions, governance, immigrants, and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5917, The World Bank.
    2. David Card & Jochen Kluve & Andrea Weber, 2009. "Active Labor Market Policy Evaluations: A Meta-analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 2570, CESifo.
    3. Hazans, Mihails, 2011. "Informal Workers across Europe: Evidence from 30 Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 5871, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. David Card & Jochen Kluve & Andrea Weber, 2010. "Active Labour Market Policy Evaluations: A Meta-Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(548), pages 452-477, November.
    5. Prachi Mishra, 2014. "Emigration and wages in source countries: a survey of the empirical literature," Chapters, in: Robert E.B. Lucas (ed.),International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development, chapter 9, pages 241-266, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Ruben V Atoyan & Jesmin Rahman, 2017. "Western Balkans: Increasing Women's Role in the Economy," IMF Working Papers 17/194, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Ioana Alexandra Horodnic, 2016. "Cash wage payments in transition economies: Consequences of envelope wages," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 280-280, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Menoncin & Sergio Vergalli, 2019. "Optimal Stopping Time, Consumption, Labour, and Portfolio Decision for a Pension Scheme," Working Papers 2019.09, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    2. Richard Grieveson, 2018. "Demographic decline does not necessarily condemn CESEE EU countries to a low growth future," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3-18, pages 122-130.

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    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General


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