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Cohort Effects and Returns to Seniority in France

  • David N. Margolis

We examine empirically returns to seniority in France and estimate cohort effects in both firm specific compensation policies and returns to job seniority. We demonstrate the biases in several estimators of returns to seniority and show that allowing firm specific compensation policies and returns to seniority to vary by entry cohort uncovers patterns of variance within firm and within cohort in estimated intercepts and slopes that can be explained by no single theory. Nous examinons les rendements d'ancienneté en France et nous estimons les effets de cohorte, à la fois dans la politique de rémunération de l'entreprise et dans son rendement d'ancienneté. Nous soulignons les biais présents dans plusieurs estimateurs de rendement d'ancienneté et nous montrons que la flexibilité introduite par l'estimation des effets de cohorte nous permet de découvrir des variations à travers les cohortes et à travers les entreprises qui ne sont pas cohérentes avec aucune des théories de rémunération trouvées dans la littérature.

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File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/95s-46.pdf
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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 95s-46.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 01 Nov 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:95s-46
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  1. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Second Edition," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck75-1, May.
  2. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  3. Abowd, J.M. & Kramarz, F. & Margolis, D.N., 1995. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," Cahiers de recherche 9503, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  4. Katharine G. Abraham & Henry S. Farber, 1986. "Job Duration, Seniority, and Earnings," NBER Working Papers 1819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Joseph Altonji & R. Shakotko, 1985. "Do Wages Rise with Job Seniority?," Working Papers 567, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  6. Milton Harris & Bengt Holmstrom, 1981. "A Theory of Wage Dynamics," Discussion Papers 488, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  7. MacLeod, W Bentley & Malcomson, James M, 1988. "Reputation and Hierarchy in Dynamic Models of Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(4), pages 832-54, August.
  8. Salop, Joanne & Salop, Steven, 1976. "Self-Selection and Turnover in the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 619-27, November.
  9. Robert H. Topel, 1990. "Specific Capital, Mobility, and Wages: Wages Rise with Job Seniority," NBER Working Papers 3294, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Beaudry, Paul & DiNardo, John, 1991. "The Effect of Implicit Contracts on the Movement of Wages over the Business Cycle: Evidence from Micro Data," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 665-88, August.
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