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L'effet des politiques sociales sur l'emploi des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal

  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse
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    The issue of integration of immigrants into labor market has currently become essential. Serial arrangements have been put in place in Canada to promote the articulation of immigration, labor market, social security, education and social cohesion. This article mainly explores the factors to determine immigrant's employment in Montreal. Besides individual characteristics, particular attention is paid to the impact of macroeconomic environment and redistribution policies on the employment probability of immigrants. Results indicate that immigrants actually belong to a heterogeneous group in terms of individual characteristics and employability. Some immigrants remain on the margin of labor market, which is particularly true for female, older, and less qualified migrants. Unemployment insurance benefits are found to have negative influence on the employment probability of immigrants. In addition, the impact of local unemployment rate is significantly negative, especially for low skilled immigrants. La question de l'insertion sur le marché du travail des immigrants est aujourd'hui devenue essentielle. Les dispositifs mis en place au Canada cherchent à favoriser la réarticulation entre immigration, marché du travail, protection sociale, formation et cohésion sociale. Cet article étudie l'insertion des immigrés sur le marché du travail québécois. Outre les caractéristiques individuelles, nous portons une attention particulière à l'impact de l'environnement macroéconomique et des politiques sociales de redistribution sur la probabilité de sortie d'un épisode de non-emploi de ces immigrants. Nos résultats montrent que les immigrés forment un groupe hétérogène du point de vue de leurs caractéristiques individuelles et de leur employabilité. Certains restent marginalisés sur le marché du travail. C'est le cas notamment des femmes, des migrants âgés et dans un premier temps des moins qualifiés. L'assurance chômage et les prestations sociales jouent négativement sur la sortie de l'épisode de non-emploi. Le taux de chômage local exerce un effet significativement négatif sur la probabilité d'avoir un emploi et touche essentiellement l'emploi des immigrants peu qualifiés.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2014s-05.pdf
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    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-05.

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    Length: 37 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-05
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    1. Bloom, D. & Grenier, G. & Gunderson, M., 1993. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Working Papers 9305e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
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    8. Galen J. Countryman, 1999. "The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Benefits on Income Inequality in the Canadian Provinces," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(4), pages 539-556, December.
    9. Laurence Bouvard & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Morgane Laouenan & Benoît Schmutz & Alain Trannoy, 2008. "Géographie du chômage des personnes d'origine africaine : Une discrimination vis-à-vis des emplois en contact avec la clientèle ?," IDEP Working Papers 0809, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised 08 Dec 2008.
    10. Phipps, Shelley, 1991. "Equity and Efficiency Consequences of Unemployment Insurance Reform in Canada: The Importance of Sensitivity Analyses," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 58(230), pages 199-214, May.
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    12. Lefebvre, Alain & Méda, Dominique, 2008. "Performances nordiques et flexicurité : quelles relations ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/8410, Paris Dauphine University.
    13. Manon Dos Santos, 2005. "Travailleurs maghrébins et portugais en France. Le poids de l'origine," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(2), pages 447-464.
    14. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
    15. Jane Friesen, 2002. "The effect of unemployment insurance on weekly hours of work in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(2), pages 363-384, May.
    16. George J. Borjas, 1998. "Immigration and Welfare Magnets," NBER Working Papers 6813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Lofstrom, Magnus & Bean, Frank D., 2001. "Labor Market Conditions and Post-Reform Declines in Welfare Receipt Among Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 347, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    18. James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 1997. "Unemployment Incidence of Immigrant Men in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 23(4), pages 353-373, December.
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