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Canadiens nes a l'etranger et Canadiens de naissance : une comparaison de la mobilite interprovinciale de leur main-d'oeuvre

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  • Lin, Zhengxi
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    Ce document examine la mobilite interprovinciale de la main-d'oeuvre des immigrants comparativement a celle des Canadiens de naissance. Les Canadiens nes a l'etranger different enormement de leurs homologues nes au pays. La population nee a l'etranger est geographiquement concentree dans quelques provinces et quelques grandes villes. Dans l'ensemble, ces Canadiens sont plus ages, plus instruits, plus susceptibles d'etre maries et d'avoir des enfants a charge et des menages constitues d'un plus grand nombre de personnes. Ils sont moins engages dans des etudes ou une formation a plein temps. Ils reussissent relativement mieux sur le marche du travail. Par consequent, une plus grande proportion d'entre eux touchent des prestations de securite sociale directement associees a la presence d'enfants a charge ou a l'age, par exemple, des prestations d'allocation familiale et des revenus de pension, mais un moins grand nombre touchent des prestations liees au rendement du marche du travail, telles que des prestations d'assurance-emploi et d'assurance sociale. Dans l'ensemble, la mobilite interprovinciale des immigrants est relativement moins grande, tant a l'echelle nationale que dans presque chaque province. Les destinations des immigrants qui changent de province sont geographiquement tres concentrees. La plupart d'entre eux s'etablissent en Alberta, en Ontario et en Colombie-Britannique. Si une proportion beaucoup plus faible changent de province pour des questions d'ordre economique, bon nombre le font a des fins d'etudes ou apres leur retraite. Les revenus declares dans la province de migration sont beaucoup plus eleves. Cette situation decoule tant de l'augmentation des salaires que du plus grand nombre d'heures travaillees apres la migration. Les resultats de la regression multidimensionnelle montrent qu'il n'existe aucune difference structurelle statistiquement significative entre les facteurs determinants des decisions de migration interprovinciale des Canadiens nes a l'etranger et ceux des Canadiens de naissance comparables. La probabilite de changer de province, qu'il s'agisse des immigrants ou des Canadiens nes au pays, est plus elevee si les salaires escomptes sont relativement meilleurs ailleurs, plus faible s'il est relativement plus difficile de trouver un emploi ailleurs, plus elevee chez les travailleurs plus instruits, plus faible chez des Canadiens francophones, plus faible parmi les travailleurs syndiques et elle diminue en fonction de l'age, de la taille de la famille et de la duree de l'emploi. Aucune des variables substituts des interventions du gouvernement a l'egard du marche du travail n'influe de facon importante sur la decision de changer de province. Les taux plus faibles de mobilite chez les Canadiens nes a l'etranger sont entierement attribuables aux differences de repartition et de composition entre les populations immigrantes et non immigrantes. Ces conclusions ont des incidences directes sur les poli

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 1998114f.

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    Date of creation: 23 Sep 1998
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:1998114f
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    1. George J. Borjas, 1995. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 3-22, Spring.
    2. Borjas, George J & Freeman, Richard B & Katz, Lawrence, 1996. "Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 246-251, May.
    3. Chris Robinson & Nigel Tomes, 1982. "Self-Selection and Interprovincial Migration in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 15(3), pages 474-502, August.
    4. David E. Bloom & Gilles Grenier & Morley Gunderson, 1995. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 987-1005, November.
    5. Marr, William L. & Siklos, Pierre L., 1994. "The link between immigration and unemployment in Canada," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, February.
    6. Michael Baker & Dwayne Benjamin, 1995. "The Receipt of Transfer Payments by Immigrants to Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(4), pages 650-676.
    7. George J. Borjas & Lynette Hilton, 1996. "Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 575-604.
    8. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
    9. Lars Osberg & Daniel V. Gordon & Zhengxi Lin, 1994. "Interregional Migration and Interindustry Labour Mobility in Canada: A Simultaneous Approach," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(1), pages 58-80, February.
    10. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-1041, November.
    11. Ather H. Akbari, 1989. "The Benefits of Immigrants to Canada: Evidence on Tax and Public Services," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 15(4), pages 424-435, December.
    12. Wright, Robert E & Maxim, Paul S, 1993. "Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: Empirical Evidence from Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 6(4), pages 337-352, November.
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