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The political economy of xenophobia and distribution : the case of Denmark

  • John Roemer

    (Yale University)

  • Karine Van-Der-Straeten

    (PSE - La plante et son environnement - CNRS : IFR87 - INRA - Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon - Université Paris Sud - Paris XI)

Pour la première fois depuis de nombreuses années, un gouvernement conservateur a accédé au pouvoir au Danemark en 2001, en partie à cause de l'insatisfaction des électeurs quant aux politiques d'immigration menées par les socio-démocrates. On décrit la compétition électorale au Danemark comme portant esentiellement sur deux questions majeures -- la taille du secteur public et l'immigration -- et modélise l'équilibre politique à l'aide du concept de PUNE (Party Unanimity Nash Equilibrium), qui permet d'obtenir des équilibres dans des espaces politiques multi-dimensionnels lorsque les partis se forment de manière endogène. En calibrant le modèle sur des données électorales danoises, on montre que la xenophobie est susceptible de réduire la taille du secteur public danois d'un montant équivalent à la moitié de l'écart-type de la distribution de probabilité des opinions des électeurs danois concernant la taille idéale du secteur public.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242915
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