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Skill Remoteness and Post-Layoff Labor Market Outcomes

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  • Claudia Macaluso

Abstract

This paper quantifies how the local skill remoteness of a laid-off worker’s last job affects subsequent wages, employment, and mobility rates. Local skill remoteness captures the degree of dissimilarity between the skill profiles of the worker’s last job and all other jobs in a local labor market. I implement a measure of local skill remoteness at the occupation-city level and find that higher skill remoteness at layoff is associated with persistently lower earnings after layoff. Earnings differences between workers whose last job was above or below median skill remoteness amount to a loss of more than $10,000 over 4 years, and are mainly accounted for by lower wages upon re-employment (not lower hours worked). Workers who lost a skill-remote job also have a higher probability of changing occupation, a lower probability of being re-employed at jobs with similar skill profiles, and a higher propensity to migrate to another city after layoff. Finally, I show that jobs destroyed in recessions are more skill-remote than those lost in booms. Taking all these facts together, I conclude that the local skill remoteness of jobs is an empirically relevant factor to understand the severity and cyclicality of displaced workers’ earnings losses and reallocation patterns.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Macaluso, 2023. "Skill Remoteness and Post-Layoff Labor Market Outcomes," CESifo Working Paper Series 10845, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_10845
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    mismatch; job loss; worker reallocation; occupational change; migration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs

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