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Sequencing of Club Enlargement: "big bang," "gradualism," and internal reform

  • Michael Kunin
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    In an incomplete contract framework, I analyse how a club chooses its enlargement strategy in the presence of congestion. The club faces two waves of applicants. The applicants are homogeneous within each wave but differ in their conformity to the club's standards across waves. For each wave, the club chooses between an early entry offer, when the club can enforce the applicant's reform, and a late entry offer, when the applicant has to reform itself in order to be admitted. In addition, the club undertakes its own internal reform which, if successful, can eliminate congestion. I show that the club uses the "gradualism" approach (admitting waves sequentially) when the waves substantially differ in their compliance with the club's standards, and the "big bang" approach (admitting waves simultaneously) otherwise. Moreover, the club never admits a less advanced wave before a more advanced one.

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    File URL: http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp232.pdf
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    Paper provided by The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague in its series CERGE-EI Working Papers with number wp232.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp232
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    1. Klaus Wallner & Mike Burkart, 2000. "Club Enlargement: Early Versus Late Admittance," FMG Discussion Papers dp359, Financial Markets Group.
    2. Richard E. Baldwin & Joseph F. Francois & Richard Portes, 1997. "The costs and benefits of eastern enlargement: the impact on the EU and central Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 125-176, 04.
    3. Jorgen Mortensen & Sandor Richter, 2000. "Measurement of Costs and Benefits of Accession to the European Union for Selected Countries in Central and Eastern Europe," wiiw Research Reports 263, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
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