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Finland as a Member of European Union - First Experiences


  • Hjerppe, Reino
  • Voipio, Iikko
  • Mäkelä, Pekka


In 1992 we published estimations about the probable effects of the EU membership on the Finnish economy. The profound economic shock of the early 1990s has made the assessment of the economic impact of Finland?s EU membership a difficult task. Nonetheless, the basic trends in relative prices, changes in foreign trade distribution, and developments in the production structure were estimated rather accurately. The structure of relative prices in Finland no longer deviates from that in the EU as much as it had in the early 1990s. Developments particularly in agriculture have proven to be less severe than forecasted. Instead, the major challenges currently facing both Finland and the EU are adjustment to the EMU and eastern enlargement.

Suggested Citation

  • Hjerppe, Reino & Voipio, Iikko & Mäkelä, Pekka, 1998. "Finland as a Member of European Union - First Experiences," Discussion Papers 180, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:180

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ricahrd E. Baldwin & Joseph F. Francois & Richard Portes, 1997. "The costs and benefits of eastern enlargement: the impact on the EU and central Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 125-176, April.
    2. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1994. "Trade Effects of Regional Aid," CEPR Discussion Papers 910, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
    4. Henrekson, Magnus & Torstensson, Johan & Torstensson, Rasha, 1997. "Growth effects of European integration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(8), pages 1537-1557, August.
    5. Fontagné, Lionel & Freudenberg, Michael & Péridy, Nicolas, 1998. "Intra-Industry Trade and the Single Market: Quality Matters," CEPR Discussion Papers 1959, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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