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Speed of Convergence and Relocation - New EU Member Countries Catching up with the Old

Economic convergence of the EU’s new member countries (NMCs) towards the incumbent EU countries (EU-15) is of paramount importance for both partners, not only in terms of real income but also in nominal terms. In this study we build a dynamic, computable general equilibrium model, starting from the Balassa-Samuelson two-sector framework, then modify and enlarge it (with, among other things, endogenous capital formation, consumption behaviour and labour mobility) to address several other issues such as uncertainty, welfare and sustainability in terms of foreign indebtedness. At the same time we make flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) endogenous in order to evaluate the impact convergence has on the EU-15 and the interaction between the two regions through FDI. We find that in a general equilibrium setting, fears of adverse effects resulting from a relocation of EU-15 manufacturing to the NMCs are not well founded.

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Paper provided by European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes in its series Economics Working Papers with number 034.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:epr:enepwp:034
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