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Trade Effects of Regional Aid


  • Martin, Philippe
  • Rogers, Carol Ann


This paper examines the impact of the EC regional aid policies to finance infrastructure investment in the poorest regions where large disparities in public infrastructure (transport, telecommunications, energy and education) exist. We show that in a model in which trade is based on increasing returns, increasing returns industries tend to locate in countries with better infrastructure. By decreasing the disparities in the levels of public infrastructure, the regional aid policies lead firms to relocate from rich to poor countries. In the context of this model, the regional aid policies can be interpreted as the price paid by the richest countries for the benefits of full trade integration. In the empirical section, we find that telecommunications and education infrastructures are well correlated with industry location and per capita GDP. However, transport infrastructure, on which EC regional aid programmes concentrate, is poorly correlated with either industry location or per-capita GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1994. "Trade Effects of Regional Aid," CEPR Discussion Papers 910, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:910

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    Cited by:

    1. Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-Francois Thisse, 2006. "Self-organizing Urban Hierarchy," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-414, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    2. Ostbye, Stein, 1999. "Should Norway give up regional employment subsidies?," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa322, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Andreas Haufler & Michael Pflüger, 2004. "International Commodity Taxation under Monopolistic Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 6(3), pages 445-470, August.
    4. Akamatsu, Takashi & Takayama, Yuki & Ikeda, Kiyohiro, 2012. "Spatial discounting, Fourier, and racetrack economy: A recipe for the analysis of spatial agglomeration models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 1729-1759.
    5. Oyama, Daisuke, 2009. "Agglomeration under forward-looking expectations: Potentials and global stability," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 696-713, November.
    6. Iulia Traistaru-Siedschlag & Christian Martincus, 2006. "Economic Integration and Manufacturing Concentration Patterns: Evidence from MERCOSUR," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 297-319, July.
    7. Pflüger, Michael P., 2001. "A Simple, Analytically Solvable Chamberlinian Agglomeration Model," IZA Discussion Papers 359, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
    9. Shin-Kun Peng & Takatoshi Tabuchi, 2007. "Spatial Competition in Variety and Number of Stores," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 227-250, March.
    10. Hjerppe, Reino & Voipio, Iikko & Mäkelä, Pekka, 1998. "Finland as a Member of European Union - First Experiences," Discussion Papers 180, VATT Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item


    Industrial Location; Public Infrastructure; Regional Aid; Regional Integration;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location


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