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Impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento económico. El caso de América Latina y el Caribe

Author

Listed:
  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

    () (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Rogelio Madrueño Aguilar

    () (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Marta Guijarro Garví

    () (Universidad de Cantabria)

Abstract

Los países de América Latina y el Caribe han percibido desde 1960 un montante de AOD equivalente al 0,48% del PIB regional. El presente artículo analiza la eficacia lograda por estos recursos a través de un modelo analítico del impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento basado en la nueva teoría de crecimiento. Se evalúa la eficacia de la ayuda en relación con la tasa de crecimiento del PIB per capita de la población con renta inferior al noveno decil, por entender que este procedimiento define de manera más precisa el impacto deseado de la ayuda en un ámbito geográfico de elevados niveles de desigualdad. La estimación econométrica describe un escenario de aparente ineficacia de la ayuda, en parte debido a las prácticas de gestión insuficientemente coordinadas de los donantes. En concreto, la excesiva volatilidad y fragmentación de la ayuda han menoscabado el crecimiento regional, al tiempo que la ayuda ha sido más eficaz en los países con mejores prácticas de gobernabilidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Rogelio Madrueño Aguilar & Marta Guijarro Garví, 2009. "Impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento económico. El caso de América Latina y el Caribe," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200904, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
  • Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:200904
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Humberto Llavador, 2010. "Mapas de ayuda para América Latina y el Caribe," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 201002, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
    2. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez, 2010. "Ayuda y crecimiento: una relación en disputa," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 201001, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
    3. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Aitor Martinez de la Cueva Astigarraga, 2009. "Ayuda oficial al desarrollo para América Latina y el Caribe en el punto de inflexión del milenio," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200905, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Eficacia de la ayuda; ayuda oficial al desarrollo; América Latina y el Caribe; crecimiento económico; crecimiento endógeno;

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling

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