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Mapas de ayuda para América Latina y el Caribe

  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

    ()

    (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Humberto Llavador

    ()

    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra y Barcelona GSE)

¿Cómo debería trazarse el mapa óptimo de distribución de la ayuda internacional? ¿De manera que contribuya a maximizar la reducción de la pobreza global, o tratando de igualar las oportunidades de todos los países de reducir la pobreza? Este artículo profundiza en el debate “normativo” sobre la asignación geográfica de la ayuda y propone escenarios alternativos de distribución para una región concreta del mundo en desarrollo: América Latina y el Caribe. Se especifican dos modelos distributivos contrapuestos, uno basado en el paradigma utilitarista (que maximiza la reducción de la pobreza regional hasta el año 2015) y otro basado en el paradigma de la igualdad de oportunidades (que iguala las oportunidades de los países socios de reducir la pobreza). Finalmente, discutimos las implicaciones de uno y otro mapa, y defendemos la necesidad de definir un mapa estratégico de asignación para América Latina y el Caribe realmente eficiente y equitativo, acorde al escenario regional de dispares ritmos de reducción de la pobreza, oportunidades de desarrollo y esfuerzos políticos de reforma.

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Paper provided by Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria in its series Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo with number 201002.

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Date of creation: Feb 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:201002
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.ciberoamericana.com

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  2. John Roemer & Humberto G. Llavador, 2003. "An Equal-Opportunity Approach to the Allocation of International Air," Working Papers 9910, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
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  4. Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 1997. "Aid, policies, and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1777, The World Bank.
  5. Mark McGillivray & Simon Feeny & Niels Hermes & Robert Lensink, 2006. "Controversies over the impact of development aid: it works; it doesn't; it can, but that depends …," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(7), pages 1031-1050.
  6. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1995. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," IFS Working Papers W95/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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  8. McGillivray, Mark, 2004. "Descriptive and prescriptive analyses of aid allocation: Approaches, issues, and consequences," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 275-292.
  9. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Rogelio Madrueño Aguilar & Marta Guijarro Garví, 2009. "Impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento económico. El caso de América Latina y el Caribe," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200904, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
  10. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez, 2009. "Geopolítica de la ayuda ¿Cómo optimizar el impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento?," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200903, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
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