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The Influence of Fiscal Policy on Economic Growth

  • Moisa Altar

    (Faculty of Finance and Banking, Bucharest University of Economics)

  • Judita Samuel

    (Bucharest University of Economics)

In this paper we analyze the influence of several types of fiscal policies on the process of economic growth, namely on the rate of growth of consumption. We formulate and analyze two types of economic growth models. The first refers to the way in which a consumer-producer agent takes decisions when the elements concerning fiscal policy are exogenous. The second model is a global model including the economic agent, as well as the government. Both models are dynamic models with discrete variables on infinite horizon. The technique used is provided by the Maximum Principle. We perform a comparative analysis of the results obtained on the basis of the two models. What is surprising is the conclusion that the growth rate of consumption is larger for the second model. At the same time, we prove that if the ratio between private and public consumption is equal to the ratio between the elasticity coefficients of the utility function, then the rate of economic growth does not depend on the value of the tax rate.

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Paper provided by Bucharest University of Economics, Center for Advanced Research in Finance and Banking - CARFIB in its series Advances in Economic and Financial Research - DOFIN Working Paper Series with number 7.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cab:wpaefr:7
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  1. Baxter, Marianne & King, Robert G, 1993. "Fiscal Policy in General Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 315-34, June.
  2. David Alan Aschauer, 1986. "The equilibrium approach to fiscal policy," Staff Memoranda 86-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  3. Afonso, António & Ebert, Werner & Schuknecht, Ludger & Thöne, Michael, 2005. "Quality of public finances and growth," Working Paper Series 0438, European Central Bank.
  4. Lynde, Catherine & Richmond, J, 1993. "Public Capital and Long-Run Costs in U.K. Manufacturing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(419), pages 880-93, July.
  5. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B., 1994. "Public investment in infrastructure in a simple growth model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 1173-1187, November.
  6. Moisa Altar & Judita Samuel, 2008. "Fiscal Policy, Public Capital and Economic Growth," Advances in Economic and Financial Research - DOFIN Working Paper Series 5, Bucharest University of Economics, Center for Advanced Research in Finance and Banking - CARFIB.
  7. Robert J. Barro, 1988. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," NBER Working Papers 2588, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Gramlich, Edward M, 1994. "Infrastructure Investment: A Review Essay," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1176-96, September.
  9. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  10. Sugata Ghosh & Charles Nolan, 2005. "The Impact of Simple Fiscal Rules in Growth Models with Public Goods and Congestion," CDMA Working Paper Series 200502, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
  11. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Is public expenditure productive?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-200, March.
  12. Kenneth L. Judd, 1982. "Redistributive Taxation in a Simple Perfect Foresight Model," Discussion Papers 572, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  13. Edwards, John H. Y., 1990. "Congestion function specification and the "publicness" of local public goods," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 80-96, January.
  14. Futagami, Koichi & Morita, Yuichi & Shibata, Akihisa, 1993. " Dynamic Analysis of an Endogenous Growth Model with Public Capital," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(4), pages 607-25, December.
  15. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-22, May.
  16. Turnovsky, Stephen J. & Fisher, Walter H., 1995. "The composition of government expenditure and its consequences for macroeconomic performance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 747-786, May.
  17. Moisa Altar, 2008. "Fiscal and Monetary Policies and Economic Growth," Advances in Economic and Financial Research - DOFIN Working Paper Series 3, Bucharest University of Economics, Center for Advanced Research in Finance and Banking - CARFIB.
  18. David Aschauer, 1988. "Does public capital crowd out private capital?," Staff Memoranda 88-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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