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Public Investment in a Small Open Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Heijdra, B.J.
  • Meijdam, A.C.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

We study the effects of public investment in a dynamic overlapping-generations model of a small open economy. Boosting public investment stimulates private capital formation, output, employment, and wages in the long run. The impact effects depend critically on whether public capital is modeled as a stock or as a flow. The welfare benefits are unevenly distributed across generations since capital ownership, and the capital gain induced by the policy shock, rises with age, and because wages rise only gradually under the stock interpretation of public capital. A suitable egalitarian bond policy can be employed to ensure that everybody gains to the same extent. With this additional instrument the intergenerational externality can be neutralized and the resulting efficiency gain coincides with the one obtained in the corresponding representative agent model. A simple modified golden rule for public investment is derived which takes into account the time that is needed to build the public capital stock.

Suggested Citation

  • Heijdra, B.J. & Meijdam, A.C., 1997. "Public Investment in a Small Open Economy," Discussion Paper 1997-80, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:ba87d4b3-3981-46d7-b3c8-c5d92ec624e2
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    File URL: https://pure.uvt.nl/ws/portalfiles/portal/527526/80.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Is public expenditure productive?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-200, March.
    2. Gramlich, Edward M, 1994. "Infrastructure Investment: A Review Essay," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1176-1196, September.
    3. Barro, Robert J, 1981. "Output Effects of Government Purchases," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(6), pages 1086-1121, December.
    4. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
    5. Turnovsky, Stephen J. & Fisher, Walter H., 1995. "The composition of government expenditure and its consequences for macroeconomic performance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 747-786, May.
    6. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B., 1994. "Public investment in infrastructure in a simple growth model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 1173-1187, November.
    7. Turnovsky, Stephen J., 1996. "Optimal tax, debt, and expenditure policies in a growing economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 21-44, April.
    8. Lans Bovenberg, A., 1993. "Investment-promoting policies in open economies : The importance of intergenerational and international distributional effects," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 3-54, May.
    9. Aschauer, David Alan, 1988. "The Equilibrium Approach to Fiscal Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 20(1), pages 41-62, February.
    10. Baxter, Marianne & King, Robert G, 1993. "Fiscal Policy in General Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 315-334, June.
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    12. Uzawa, H, 1969. "Time Preference and the Penrose Effect in a Two-Class Model of Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 77(4), pages 628-652, Part II, .
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    Cited by:

    1. Anthony Bende-Nabende & Jim Slater, 2003. "Private capital formation: Short- and long-run crowding-in (out) effects in ASEAN, 1971-99," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(28), pages 1-16.
    2. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2003:i:28:p:1-16 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    public investment; intergenerational welfare effects;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures

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