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Public Infrastructure Investment, Output Dynamics, and Balanced Budget Fiscal Rules

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  • Pedro R. D. Bom

    () (Department of Economics and CentER, Tilburg, University)

  • Jenny Ligthart

    () (Department of Economics and CentER, Tilburg, University)

Abstract

We study the dynamic output and welfare effects of public infrastructure investment under a balanced budget fiscal rule, using an overlapping generations model of a small open economy. The government finances public investment by employing distortionary labor taxes. We find a negative short-run output multiplier, which (in absolute terms) exceeds the positive long-run output multiplier. In contrast to conventional results regarding public investment shocks, we obtain dampened cycles in output and the labor tax rate. The cyclical dynamics are induced by the interaction of households' finite life spans, the wealth effect on labor supply, and the balanced budget fiscal rule. Finally, we show that, for a plausible calibration of our model, households' lifetime welfare improves.

Suggested Citation

  • Pedro R. D. Bom & Jenny Ligthart, 2011. "Public Infrastructure Investment, Output Dynamics, and Balanced Budget Fiscal Rules," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1119, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ays:ispwps:paper1119
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

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    2. Bom, Pedro R.D., 2017. "Factor-biased public capital and private capital crowding out," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 100-117.
    3. Cuong Le Van & Phu Nguyen‐Van & Amélie Barbier‐Gauchard & Duc‐Anh Le, 2019. "Government expenditure, external and domestic public debt, and economic growth," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 21(1), pages 116-134, February.
    4. Hafedh Bouakez & Michel Guillard & Jordan Roulleau-Pasdeloup, 2017. "Public Investment, Time to Build, and the Zero Lower Bound," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 23, pages 60-79, January.
    5. Pedro R. D. Bom & Aitor Goti, 2018. "Public Capital and the Labor Income Share," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-17, October.
    6. Giovanni Ganelli & Juha Tervala, 2020. "Welfare Multiplier of Public Investment," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 68(2), pages 390-420, June.
    7. Tetsuo Ono, 2020. "Fiscal rules in a monetary economy: Implications for growth and welfare," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 22(1), pages 190-219, February.
    8. Yuliya Tyurina, 2014. "Harmonization of the relations between the state and individuals in the context of taxation theory," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 8(2), pages 207-218, June.
    9. Hua Zhong & Michael H. Taylor & Kimberly S. Rollins & Dale T. Manning & Christopher G. Goemans, 2019. "Who pays for water scarcity? Evaluating the welfare implications of water infrastructure investments for cities," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 63(3), pages 559-600, December.
    10. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2015. "On the (de)stabilizing effect of public debt in a Ramsey model with heterogeneous agents," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 11(1), pages 7-24, March.
    11. Chatterjee, Santanu & Gibson, John & Rioja, Felix, 2018. "Public investment, debt, and welfare: A quantitative analysis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 204-217.
    12. Bom, Pedro R.D., 2019. "Fiscal rules and the intergenerational welfare effects of public investment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 455-470.
    13. Michele Salvi & Christoph A. Schaltegger & Lukas Schmid, 2020. "Fiscal Rules Cause Lower Debt: Evidence from Switzerland’s Federal Debt Containment Rule," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(4), pages 605-642, November.
    14. J. F. M. De Jong & M. Ferdinandusse & J. Funda, 2018. "Public capital in the 21st century: as productive as ever?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(51), pages 5543-5560, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Infrastructure capital; public investment; distortionary taxation; fiscal policy; Yaari-Blanchard overlapping generations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures

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