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Fiscal and Monetary Policies and Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Moisa Altar

    (Faculty of Finance and Banking, Bucharest University of Economics)

Abstract

The paper analyses the way in which monetary and fiscal policy influences the performances of economic growth. The analysis is made on the basis of a dynamic model with discrete variables of the Sidrauski- Brock type, with infinite-lived households and money in the utility function. The model is with a representative private agent and a government sector consisting of a consolidated fiscal authority and central bank. Households receive an exogenous perishable endowment each period, decide about consumption and pay net real lump-sum tax. The state variable of the model is government debt, and the decision variables are: consumption and the amount of money detained by the agent. The optimality conditions are obtained by using the Maximum Principle for discrete dynamic systems. A qualitative analysis of the optimal trajectories is performed, on the basis of the information provided by the Maximum Principle, concerning the dynamics of the dual variable and the properties of the Lagrange multipliers. Finally, we analyze the influence of several monetary and fiscal decisions on the optimal trajectories and on the performance-function of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Moisa Altar, 2008. "Fiscal and Monetary Policies and Economic Growth," Advances in Economic and Financial Research - DOFIN Working Paper Series 3, Bucharest University of Economics, Center for Advanced Research in Finance and Banking - CARFIB.
  • Handle: RePEc:cab:wpaefr:3
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    File URL: http://www.dofin.ase.ro/carfib/wpaefr/wpaefr_3.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    Cited by:

    1. Moisa Altar & Judita Samuel, 2008. "The Influence of Fiscal Policy on Economic Growth," Advances in Economic and Financial Research - DOFIN Working Paper Series 7, Bucharest University of Economics, Center for Advanced Research in Finance and Banking - CARFIB.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Growth; Monetary Policy; Fiscal Policy; Fiscal Solvency;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • D99 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Other
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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