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Impacto del crédito sobre el agro en Colombia: Evidencia del nuevo Censo Nacional Agropecuario

Author

Listed:
  • Juan José Echavarría

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Sara Restrepo-Tamayo

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Juan D. Hernandez-Leal

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo utiliza, por primera vez, los microdatos del Censo Nacional Agropecuario del 2014 para evaluar el impacto del otorgamiento de crédito en el sector agropecuario. A través de un análisis de Propensity Score Matching, se estudia el efecto en algunas variables que son de interés para los formuladores de políticas públicas, entre ellas el rendimiento de la finca, medido en toneladas de producción por hectárea, y el Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional (IPM). En general, los resultados sugieren que los diversos tipos de crédito tienen un efecto positivo y significativo sobre el rendimiento (entre 3% y 28%), el cual es explicado principalmente por el impacto sobre los cultivos de ciclo más corto (transitorios). Por otra parte, el otorgamiento del crédito, con algunas excepciones notables, reduce el índice de pobreza en una magnitud de 0.3 puntos porcentuales. Este efecto es similar entre cultivos con diferentes ciclos de producción.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Echavarría & Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas & Sara Restrepo-Tamayo & Juan D. Hernandez-Leal, 2017. "Impacto del crédito sobre el agro en Colombia: Evidencia del nuevo Censo Nacional Agropecuario," Borradores de Economia 1020, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1020
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    crédito; rendimiento; pobreza; crédito agricola; propensity score matching;

    JEL classification:

    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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