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Regulating islamic financial institutions : The nature of the regulated


  • El-Hawary
  • Dahlia
  • Grais, Wafik
  • Iqbal, Zamir


More than 200 Islamic financial institutions (IFIs) operate in 48 countries. Their combined assets exceed $200 billion, with an annual growth rate between 12 percent and 15 percent. The regulatory regime governing IFIs varies significantly across countries. A number of international organizations have been established with the mandate to set standards that would strengthen and harmonize prudential regulations as they apply to IFIs. The authors contribute to the discussion on the nature of prudential standards to be developed. They clarify the risks that IFIs are exposed to and the type of regulations that are needed to systematically manage them. They consider that the industry is still in a development process whose eventual outcome is the convergence of the practice of Islamic financial intermediation with its conceptual foundations. The authors contrast the risks and regulations needed in the case of Islamic financial intermediation operating according to core principles and current practice. They outline implications for approaches to capital adequacy, licensing requirements, and reliance on market discipline. They then propose an organization of the industry that wouldallow it to develop in compliance with its principles and prudent risk management, and facilitate its regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • El-Hawary & Dahlia & Grais, Wafik & Iqbal, Zamir, 2004. "Regulating islamic financial institutions : The nature of the regulated," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3227, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3227

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Sole, 2007. "Introducing Islamic Banks into Conventional Banking Systems," IMF Working Papers 07/175, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Martin Čihák & Heiko Hesse, 2010. "Islamic Banks and Financial Stability: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 38(2), pages 95-113, December.
    3. Faezeh Raei & Selim Cakir, 2007. "Sukuk vs. Eurobonds; Is There a Difference in Value-at-Risk?," IMF Working Papers 07/237, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Hussein, Kassim, 2010. "Bank level stability factors and consumer confidence – a comparative study of Islamic and conventional banks’ product mix," MPRA Paper 21800, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Pavel Trunin & Marina Kamenskikh & Margarita Muftiahetdinova, 2009. "Islamic Banking System: Present State and Prospects for Development," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 122P.
    6. Andreas Jobst, 2007. "The Economics of Islamic Finance and Securitization," IMF Working Papers 07/117, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Alsayyed, Nidal, 2009. "Shari’ah Board, The Task of Fatwa, and Ijtihad in Islamic Economics, and Finance," MPRA Paper 20204, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Alsayyed, Nidal, 2010. "Sukukization: Islamic Economic Risk Factors in Shari’ah View," MPRA Paper 20489, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 2010.
    9. In W Song & Carel Oosthuizen, 2014. "Islamic Banking Regulation and Supervision; Survey Results and Challenges," IMF Working Papers 14/220, International Monetary Fund.
    10. repec:mbr:jmonec:v:6:y:2012:i:3:p:113-162 is not listed on IDEAS


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