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Financiamiento del sector agropecuario: situación y perspectivas

  • Diana Fernández Moreno

    ()

  • Hernán Piñeros G.

    ()

  • Dairo Estrada

    ()

En este documento se analiza el crédito agropecuario. En Colombia, pese a que este sector ha crecido en los años recientes y tiene un alto componente social y económico, su desarrollo no ha sido tan dinámico en comparación con otros países de América Latina. La penetración del sector financiero en el agropecuario ha sido importante para su desarrollo en la última década, aumentando considerablemente los recursos otorgados al sector. No obstante, el crecimiento de estos estuvo acompañado de un aumento en el riesgo, situación que ha mejorado en los dos años más recientes. Al realizar un modelo de probabilidad de acceso al crédito se encontró que contar con garantías como títulos de propiedad o bienes durables aumenta el acceso al crédito agropecuario, en especial con los intermediarios formales; sin embargo, los ingresos que perciben los hogares no son determinantes para obtener este tipo de financiación. Finalmente, existe una dependencia de la financiación del sector a los recursos de inversión forzosa, por lo que resultaría pertinente buscar alternativas que permitan un crecimiento del crédito agropecuario endógeno al desempeño del sector. Classification JEL: Q14; Q12; C31

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Temas de Estabilidad Financiera with number 059.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:temest:059
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  1. Brixi, Hana & Mu, Yan & Targa, Beatrice & Hipgrave, David, 2010. "Equity and public governance in health system reform : challenges and opportunities for China," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5530, The World Bank.
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