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House purchase versus rental in Spain

Author

Listed:
  • Eva Ortega

    (Banco de España)

  • Margarita Rubio

    (Banco de España)

  • Carlos Thomas

    (Banco de España)

Abstract

One of the most salient feature of the Spanish housing market, compared to other European economies, is its relatively low rental share. This may be partly attributed to the existence of fiscal distortions in Spain favoring ownership. In this paper, we simulate the potential efects of different policy measures aimed at homogenizing the fiscal treatment of ownership and renting and improving the efficiency of the rental market. We do so in the context of a DSGE model featuring a market for owner-occupied and rented housing, as well as collateral constraints in loan markets. We find that eliminating the existing subsidy to house purchases, introducing a comparable subsidy to rental payments or increasing the efficiency in the production of housing rental services raise the rental share by a similar amount. However, their implications in terms of the construction sector differ.

Suggested Citation

  • Eva Ortega & Margarita Rubio & Carlos Thomas, 2011. "House purchase versus rental in Spain," Working Papers 1108, Banco de España.
  • Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1108
    as

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    File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/11/Fich/dt1108e.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    2. repec:bde:joures:v:01:y:2010:p:03 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Javier Andrés & Óscar Arce & Carlos Thomas, 2013. "Banking Competition, Collateral Constraints, and Optimal Monetary Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(s2), pages 87-125, December.
    4. Pablo Casas-Arce & Albert Saiz, 2010. "Owning versus Renting: Do Courts Matter?," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 137-165, February.
    5. Matteo Iacoviello & Stefano Neri, 2010. "Housing Market Spillovers: Evidence from an Estimated DSGE Model," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 125-164, April.
    6. José Manuel Marqués & Luis Ángel Maza & Margarita Rubio, 2010. "Una comparación de los ciclos inmobiliarios recientes en España, Estados Unidos y Reino Unido," Boletín Económico, Banco de España, issue JAN, pages 1-12, Enero.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Clara Toledano, 2017. "House Price Cycles, Wealth Inequality and Portfolio Reshuffling," PSE Working Papers halshs-02797549, HAL.
    2. Margarita Rubio & José A. Carrasco-Gallego, 2017. "Spain And The Crisis: Housing Prices, Credit And Macroprudential Policies," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 62(01), pages 109-133, March.
    3. Javier Andrés & José E. Boscá & Javier Ferri, 2016. "Instruments, rules, and household debt: the effects of fiscal policy," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(2), pages 419-443.
    4. Clara Toledano, 2017. "House Price Cycles, Wealth Inequality and Portfolio Reshuffling," World Inequality Lab Working Papers halshs-02797549, HAL.
    5. Sami Alpanda & Sarah Zubairy, 2016. "Housing and Tax Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(2-3), pages 485-512, March.
    6. Michal Rubaszek & Margarita Rubio, 2020. "Does the rental housing market stabilize the economy? A micro and macro perspective," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 59(1), pages 233-257, July.
    7. Funke, Michael & Paetz, Michael, 2013. "Housing prices and the business cycle: An empirical application to Hong Kong," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 62-76.
    8. Rubio Margarita, 2019. "Rented vs. owner-occupied housing and monetary policy," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 19(1), pages 1-16, January.
    9. Coskun, Yener, 2011. "Does re-design of the policies on housing finance and supply help to solve housing question of Turkey?," MPRA Paper 31729, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Rubio, Margarita & Carrasco-Gallego, José A., 2016. "Coordinating macroprudential policies within the Euro area: The case of Spain," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 570-582.
    11. José E. Boscá & Javier Ferri, 2016. "REMS1: Adding Financial Frictions and a Housing Market to REMS," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2016-03, FEDEA.
    12. Muñoz, Manuel A. & Smets, Frank, 2022. "Macroprudential policy and the role of institutional investors in housing markets," ESRB Working Paper Series 137, European Systemic Risk Board.
    13. Bielecki, Marcin & Stähler, Nikolai, 2022. "Labor Tax Reductions In Europe: The Role Of Property Taxation," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(2), pages 419-451, March.
    14. Clara Toledano, 2017. "House Price Cycles, Wealth Inequality and Portfolio Reshuffling," Working Papers halshs-02797549, HAL.
    15. Bajo-Buenestado, Raúl, 2016. "Evidence of asymmetric behavioral responses to changes in gasoline prices and taxes for different fuel types," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 119-130.
    16. Mora-Sanguinetti, Juan S. & Rubio, Margarita, 2014. "Recent reforms in Spanish housing markets: An evaluation using a DSGE model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(S1), pages 42-49.
    17. Josep Maria Raya & Aleksander Kucel, 2016. "Did Housing Taxation Contribute to Increase Riskier Borrowing?," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 90-113, July.
    18. Francisco Blanco & Victor Martín & Guillermo Vazquez, 2016. "Regional house price convergence in Spain during the housing boom," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 53(4), pages 775-798, March.
    19. Muñoz, Manuel A., 2020. "Macroprudential policy and the role of institutional investors in housing markets," Working Paper Series 2454, European Central Bank.
    20. Hamed Ghiaie & Jean-François Rouillard, 2018. "Housing Taxation and Financial Intermediation," Cahiers de recherche 18-01, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke, revised Nov 2018.
    21. Micheli, Martin & Schmidt, Torsten, 2015. "Welfare effects of rent control — A comparison of redistributive policies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 237-247.
    22. Margarta Rubio, 2014. "Rented vs. Owner-Occupied Housing and Monetary Policy," Discussion Papers 2014/09, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rental market share; subsidy to house purchases; subsidy to rents; rental market efficiency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

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