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Success in the Academic Labour Market for Economics - The German Experience


  • Heining, Jörg
  • Jerger, Jürgen
  • Lingens, Jörg


Based on CV information of tenured professors and post-doc researchers in the field of economics at German universities we construct a unique data set. This data set contains detailed information on the career path and on personal characteristics of individuals. Using this data we analyse the determinants of success in the academic labour market. Our notion of success is the (conditional) probability of becoming tenured, i.e. the hazard rate. Estimating a Cox (1972) regression model, we show that the primal determinants of the hazard rate are the publication record and time dummies which control for the decade in which tenure was received. The latter result implies that Germany witnessed a huge structural change in the academic labour within the last 30 years. Aus Lebenslaufdaten von bereits berufenen Professoren und promovierten Nachwuchswissenschaftlern an deutschen Universitäten im Bereich Volkswirtschaftslehre haben wir einen einzigartigen Datensatz konstruiert. Dieser Datensatz enthält detaillierte Informationen über den (akademischen) Erwerbsverlauf der beobachteten Individuen, sowie zusätzliche individuelle Charakteristika. Unter Verwendung dieser Daten untersuchen wir die Determinanten für den Erfolg im akademischen Arbeitsmarkt, wobei wir Erfolg über die bedingte Wahrscheinlichkeit (Hazard Rate) für die Berufung auf eine Lebenszeitprofessur messen. Unter Verwendung eines Regressionsmodells nach Cox (1972) können wir zeigen, dass die individuelle Publikationsleistung, sowie Zeitdummies für das Jahrzehnt der Berufung signifikanten Einfluss auf die Hazard Rate ausüben. Dabei deutet insbesondere das zuletzt genannte Ergebnis auf einen starken strukturellen Wandel im deutschen akademischen Arbeitsmarkt innerhalb der letzten 30 Jahre hin.

Suggested Citation

  • Heining, Jörg & Jerger, Jürgen & Lingens, Jörg, 2007. "Success in the Academic Labour Market for Economics - The German Experience," University of Regensburg Working Papers in Business, Economics and Management Information Systems 422, University of Regensburg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bay:rdwiwi:803

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 2002. "Studying Ourselves: The Academic Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 8965, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Liang Zhang, 2005. "Do Tenured and Tenure-Track Faculty Matter?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(3).
    3. Michael S. McPherson & Morton Owen Schapiro, 1999. "Tenure Issues in Higher Education," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 85-98, Winter.
    4. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2001. "Duration models: specification, identification and multiple durations," Handbook of Econometrics,in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 55, pages 3381-3460 Elsevier.
    5. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Paul J. Pieper & Rachel A. Willis, 1998. "Do Economics Departments With Lower Tenure Probabilities Pay Higher Faculty Salaries?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 503-512, November.
    6. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, March.
    7. Michael Rauber & Heinrich W. Ursprung, 2008. "Evaluation of Researchers: A Life Cycle Analysis of German Academic Economists," Conferences on New Political Economy,in: Max Albert & Stefan Voigt & Dieter Schmidtchen (ed.), Conferences on New Political Economy, edition 1, volume 25, pages 101-122(2 Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen.
    8. David B. Hertz, 1972. "Discussion," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 19(4-Part-2), pages 35-36, December.
    9. Zoghi, Cindy, 2003. "Why have public university professors done so badly?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 45-57, February.
    10. M. Sabatier & M. Carrere & V. Mangematin, 2006. "Profiles of Academic Activities and Careers: Does Gender Matter? An Analysis Based on French Life Scientist CVs," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 311-324, May.
    11. Pantelis Kalaitzidakis & Theofanis P. Mamuneas & Thanasis Stengos, 2003. "Rankings of Academic Journals and Institutions in Economics," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(6), pages 1346-1366, December.
    12. Willam O. Brown, 1997. "University Governance and Academic Tenure: A Property Rights Explanation," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 153(3), pages 441-441, September.
    13. Charles T. Clotfelter, 1999. "The Familiar but Curious Economics of Higher Education: Introduction to a Symposium," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 3-12, Winter.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Graber & Andrey Launov & Klaus Wälde, 2007. "How to Get Tenured (in Germany, in Economics)," Working Papers 2007_32, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    2. Lutter, Mark & Schröder, Martin, 2016. "Who becomes a tenured professor, and why? Panel data evidence from German sociology, 1980–2013," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(5), pages 999-1013.
    3. Pezzoni, Michele & Sterzi, Valerio & Lissoni, Francesco, 2012. "Career progress in centralized academic systems: Social capital and institutions in France and Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 704-719.
    4. Michael Graber & Andrey Launov & Klaus Waelde, 2007. "How to get tenured," Working Papers 030, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).


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