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Gender wage gap by occupational groups in Poland

Listed author(s):
  • Aleksandra Majchrowska

    (Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz)

  • Pawel Strawinski

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, Poland)

  • Karolina Konopczak

    (Collegium of Economic Analysis, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland)

  • Agnieszka Skierska

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, Poland)

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the gender wage gap in Poland in different occupational groups. The authors aim to investigate how much of the raw differences in wages can be explained by differences in personal characteristics and in which occupational groups the unexplained part of wage gap is the highest. The authors use the individual data from employers’ statistics with detailed information about wages and personal characteristics of workers. The authors use base salaries per hour as the dependent variable. After controlling for differences in the gender composition of occupational groups the authors choose 24 occupational groups at 3-digit level and perform Oaxaca-Blinder two-component decomposition. The authors are the first to analyse the differences in gender wage gap in Poland by occupational groups. Another original contribution is that the wage gap is analysed not for the whole sample but after controlling for the segregation effect. The results indicate that firstly, the raw differences by gender in base wages per hour are smaller than the ones in average wages per hour. Secondly, after controlling for differences in the gender composition of occupational groups the raw wage gap in Poland increases from 6.7% to 10.8%. Thirdly, in most of the analysed occupational groups the differences in characteristics explain only a minor part of the wage gap. The highest share of the unexplained part was among managers and in groups in which the specific vocational skills are required.

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File URL: http://dspace.uni.lodz.pl:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11089/7425/LEWP%203-2015.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
File Function: First version, 2015
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology in its series Lodz Economics Working Papers with number 3/2015.

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Date of creation: Mar 2015
Handle: RePEc:ann:wpaper:3/2015
Contact details of provider: Postal:
ul. Polskiej Organizacji Wojskowej 3/5, 90-255 Lodz

Web page: http://www.eksoc.uni.lodz.pl/en/

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  12. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2003. "Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 106-144, January.
  13. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
  14. Anna Ruzik & Magdalena Rokicka, 2010. "The Gender Pay Gap in Informal Employment in Poland," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 406, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  15. Lucas Van Der Velde & Joanna Tyrowicz & Karolina Goraus, 2013. "What is the true gender wage gap? A comparative analysis using data from Poland," Working Papers 2013-28, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  16. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  17. Karolina Goraus & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2014. "Gender Wage Gap in Poland – Can It Be Explained by Differences in Observable Characteristics?," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 36.
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