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El comercio agroalimentario español en la segunda globalización, 1951-2011

  • Ernesto Clar

    ()

    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

  • Vicente Pinilla

    ()

    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

  • Raúl Serrano

    ()

    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

Este trabajo analiza la evolución del comercio agroalimentario español en el período en el que han tenido lugar las más hondas transformaciones de la economía española, la segunda mitad del siglo XX y la primera década del XXI. El artículo estudia la evolución de las exportaciones e importaciones agroalimentarias españolas desde 1951 y hasta 2011, junto al saldo de la balanza comercial correspondiente. Asimismo, sigue con detalle los cambios en la composición de las compras y ventas exteriores para este tipo de productos, como un reflejo de los cambios económicos de fondo. Para las exportaciones se realiza un ejercicio econométrico para evaluar sus principales determinantes en el caso español. Las conclusiones apuntan hacia una mayor diversificación y transformación de los productos comerciados, tras las cuales se hallan, a nivel microeconómico, la mejora en la renta y los cambios en las preferencias, y a nivel macroeconómico, el fuerte efecto de la integración de España en la UE desde 1986 y el desarrollo de la agroindustria al crecer el tamaño del mercado doméstico (home market effect).

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Paper provided by Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica in its series Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) with number 1414.

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Date of creation: Jun 2014
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Handle: RePEc:ahe:dtaehe:1414
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