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El comercio agroalimentario español en la segunda globalización, 1951-2011

Listed author(s):
  • Ernesto Clar


    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

  • Vicente Pinilla


    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

  • Raúl Serrano


    (Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain)

Este trabajo analiza la evolución del comercio agroalimentario español en el período en el que han tenido lugar las más hondas transformaciones de la economía española, la segunda mitad del siglo XX y la primera década del XXI. El artículo estudia la evolución de las exportaciones e importaciones agroalimentarias españolas desde 1951 y hasta 2011, junto al saldo de la balanza comercial correspondiente. Asimismo, sigue con detalle los cambios en la composición de las compras y ventas exteriores para este tipo de productos, como un reflejo de los cambios económicos de fondo. Para las exportaciones se realiza un ejercicio econométrico para evaluar sus principales determinantes en el caso español. Las conclusiones apuntan hacia una mayor diversificación y transformación de los productos comerciados, tras las cuales se hallan, a nivel microeconómico, la mejora en la renta y los cambios en las preferencias, y a nivel macroeconómico, el fuerte efecto de la integración de España en la UE desde 1986 y el desarrollo de la agroindustria al crecer el tamaño del mercado doméstico (home market effect).

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Paper provided by Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica in its series Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) with number 1414.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Handle: RePEc:ahe:dtaehe:1414
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  1. Castillo, Josemaria Contreras & Colom, Jordi Bacaria, 2000. "Evaluación del impacto de la integración en los flujos comerciales agrarios de España," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 187.
  2. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
  3. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
  4. Perron, Pierre & Vogelsang, Timothy J, 1992. "Nonstationarity and Level Shifts with an Application to Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(3), pages 301-320, July.
  5. Rauch, James E., 1999. "Networks versus markets in international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 7-35, June.
  6. Raú l Serrano & Vicente Pinilla, 2012. "The long-run decline in the share of agricultural and food products in international trade: a gravity equation approach to its causes," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(32), pages 4199-4210, November.
  7. Ruiz, Elena Martínez, 2001. "Sector exterior y crecimiento en la España autárquica," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(S1), pages 229-251, March.
  8. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
  9. Vicente Pinilla Navarro, 2001. "El comercio exterior en el desarrollo agrario de la España contemporánea: un balance," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 23, pages 13-37.
  10. Andrew K. Rose, 2004. "Do We Really Know That the WTO Increases Trade?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 98-114, March.
  11. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, January.
  12. Vicent Pinilla & Raúl Serrano, 2010. "The long-run decline in the share of agricultural and food products in international trade, 1951-2000: a gravity equation approach of its causes," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1002, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  13. Francisco Medina Albaladejo, 2010. "External competitiveness of Spanish canned fruit and vegetable businesses during the second half of the twentieth century," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(3), pages 417-434.
  14. Clemente, Jesus & Montanes, Antonio & Reyes, Marcelo, 1998. "Testing for a unit root in variables with a double change in the mean," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 175-182, May.
  15. Fernando Sanz & José M. Gil, 2001. "An Assessment of the Agricultural Trade Impact of Spain's Integration into the EU," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 49(1), pages 53-69, March.
  16. World Bank, 2012. "World Development Indicators 2012," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6014.
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