IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/uersrr/262197.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

WIC Household Food Purchases Using WIC Benefits or Paying Out of Pocket: A Case Study of Cold Cereal Purchases

Author

Listed:
  • Dong, Diansheng
  • Stewart, Hayden
  • Frazão, Elizabeth
  • Carlson, Andrea
  • Hyman, Jeffrey

Abstract

USDA’s Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is the Nation’s third-largest food and nutrition assistance program. WIC partici - pants receive Food Instruments they can exchange for foods like infant formula, milk, fruit juice, whole-grain bread, and cold cereal at authorized retail stores. Since partici - pants incur no out-of-pocket costs when purchasing WIC foods, they may be less sensitive to prices when choosing among allowed food items. In this study, we analyze household purchases of cold cereals. Findings show that WIC households buy less costly cereals than non-WIC households, all else constant, when paying out of pocket. Not surprisingly, they purchase with relatively less regard to price when using their WIC benefits, which may increase the program’s food costs. Findings also suggest that some restrictions imposed by WIC State agencies on brands and package sizes may help contain program costs. However, it may also be possible to develop incentives that encourage participants to purchase lower cost products without the negative impact that restrictions may have on participant satisfaction and program participation.

Suggested Citation

  • Dong, Diansheng & Stewart, Hayden & Frazão, Elizabeth & Carlson, Andrea & Hyman, Jeffrey, 2016. "WIC Household Food Purchases Using WIC Benefits or Paying Out of Pocket: A Case Study of Cold Cereal Purchases," Economic Research Report 262197, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:262197
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.262197
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/262197/files/57281_err207.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/262197/files/57281_err207.pdf?subformat=pdfa
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kaufman, Phillip R., 2003. "Assessment Of Wic Cost-Containment Practices: Food Assistance Research Brief," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33855, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Oliveira, Victor & Frazao, Elizabeth, 2015. "The WIC Program: Background, Trends, and Economic Issues, 2015 Edition," Economic Information Bulletin 197543, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    3. Oliveira, Victor & Frazao, Elizabeth, 2009. "The WIC Program: Background, Trends, and Economic Issues, 2009 Edition," Economic Research Report 55839, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Davis, David E. & Leibtag, Ephraim S., 2005. "Interstate Variation In Wic Food Package Costs: The Role Of Food Prices, Caseload Composition, And Cost-Containment Practices," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33811, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    5. Kirlin, John A. & Cole, Nancy & Logan, Christopher, 2003. "Assessment Of Wic Cost-Containment Practices; Executive Summary," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33823, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    6. Volpe, Richard & Saitone, Tina & Sexton, Richard, 2014. "Cost Containment in the WIC Program: Vendor Peer Groups and Reimbursement Rates," Economic Research Report 183224, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Rickertsen, K. & Gustavsen, G.W. & Nayga, R.M. & Dong, D., 2018. "Acculturation in Food Choices among U.S. Immigrants," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277041, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Stewart, Hayden & Dong, Diansheng, 2018. "How strong is the demand for food through direct-to-consumer outlets?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 35-43.
    3. McLaughlin, Patrick W. & Gleason, Stacy & Wilkin, Margaret, 2018. "Price Variability Across Food Product and Vendor Type in Food Benefit Redemptions Under the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)," Economic Research Report 276225, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:262197. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ersgvus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.