IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Forming Representative Household and Factor Groups for a South African SAM


  • Pauw, Kalie


This Technical Paper explains the formation of representative households and factor groups for inclusion in the PROVIDE Project Social Accounting Matrix. A general guideline for forming household and/or factor groups is that they should reproduce the socio-economic stratification within the society as accurately as possible. Such groups should also be made up of 'relatively homogenous' groups that are easily recognisable for policy purposes. Here the Income and Expenditure Survey (2000) and Labour Force Survey (September 2000) are used to find demographic statistics, income and expenditure patterns, and employment data used for the creation of representative household and factor groups. The current PROVIDE Social Accounting Matrix groups households according to a range of characteristics, first disaggregating by province and race, and thereafter factors such as agricultural employment, geographical location of the household (homeland or non-homeland), gender and education status of the head of the household, and income level of the household come into play. Provincial factor groups are disaggregated by race and skill level/occupation of the factor. Some alternative household and factor groupings, some of which were used in previous versions of the PROVIDE Social Accounting Matrix, are also discussed, as are a range of other characteristics that may be used to form interesting household groups for future Social Accounting Matrices.

Suggested Citation

  • Pauw, Kalie, 2005. "Forming Representative Household and Factor Groups for a South African SAM," Technical Paper Series 15620, PROVIDE Project.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:provtp:15620

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999. "Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework," Cahiers de recherche 9909, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    2. John Cockburn, 2002. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Nepal: A Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis," CSAE Working Paper Series 2002-11, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    3. Arndt, Channing & Cruz, Antonio & Jensen, Henning Tarp & Robinson, Sherman & Tarp, Finn, 1998. "Social accounting matrices for Mozambique, 1994 and 1995:," TMD discussion papers 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Prakash Raj Sapkota & John Cockburn, 2008. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty in Nepal: an Applied General Equilibrium Analysis," Working Papers MPIA 2008-13, PEP-MPIA.
    5. Ingrid Woolard & Murray Leibbrandt, 1999. "Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework," Working Papers 99031, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
    6. Thurlow, James & Wobst, Peter, 2003. "Poverty-focused social accounting matrices for Tanzania," TMD discussion papers 112, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Scott McDonald, 2002. "The Commodity Protocols of the Lomé Convention: the Case of Beef Exports from Botswana," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(2), pages 407-427.
    8. Thurlow, James & van Seventer, Dirk Ernst, 2002. "A standard computable general equilibrium model for South Africa," TMD discussion papers 100, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. Thomas, Marcelle & Bautista, Romeo M., 1999. "A 1991 social accounting matrix (SAM) for Zimbabwe:," TMD discussion papers 36, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. Fontana, Marzia & Wobst, Peter, 2001. "A gendered 1993-94 Social Accounting Matrix for Bangladesh," TMD discussion papers 74, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Stefania Lovo, 2014. "Analyzing the welfare-improving potential of land in the former homelands of South Africa," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(6), pages 679-692, November.
    2. McDonald, Scott & Punt, Cecilia & Rantho, Lillian & van Schoor, Melt, 2005. "Costs and Benefits of Higher Tariffs on Wheat Imports to South Africa - A General Equilibrium Analysis," Working Paper Series 15635, PROVIDE Project.

    More about this item


    Consumer/Household Economics;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:provtp:15620. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.