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Cereal Market Dynamics: The Malian Experience from the 1990s to Present

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  • Kelly, Valerie A.
  • Murekezi, Abdoul Karim
  • Me-Nsope, Nathalie Mongue
  • Perakis, Sonja Melissa
  • Mather, David

Abstract

This paper assesses the role that cereal markets have played in stimulating farm-level productivity growth and marketing of staple foods, in responding to changing demand patterns, in satisfying minimum food security needs, and in contributing to poverty reduction in both urban areas (through reductions in food prices) and rural areas (through increases in farm incomes). The paper uses a case study approach based on the Malian experience. Mali presents a particularly good case study of cereal market development because of (1) a unique approach to donor and government coordination during the early stages of market liberalization, (2) the contrasting development paths of the irrigated rice and the rainfed coarse grains subsectors, (3) Mali’s growing role in West Africa’s regional cereal trade, and (4) on-going policy debates that are relevant to the entire region. These policy debates include questions such as (1) how to balance consumer and producer interests via trade, tax, and safety net policies, (2) how to shape land policies that encourage a mix of family and commercial farms capable of meeting both national food production goals and poverty reduction objectives, and (3) how to provide incentives that reduce rural poverty by assisting resource poor farmers while also stimulating greater productivity among better-off farmers.

Suggested Citation

  • Kelly, Valerie A. & Murekezi, Abdoul Karim & Me-Nsope, Nathalie Mongue & Perakis, Sonja Melissa & Mather, David, 2013. "Cereal Market Dynamics: The Malian Experience from the 1990s to Present," Food Security International Development Working Papers 146935, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:midiwp:146935
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aubert, Magali & Bignebat, Celine & Egg, Johny, 2006. "Joint evolution of spatial integration and product segmentation on agricultural markets: the case of cereals in Mali," 98th Seminar, June 29-July 2, 2006, Chania, Crete, Greece 10103, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Jeffrey Vitale & David A. Bessler, 2006. "On the discovery of millet prices in Mali," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(1), pages 139-162, March.
    3. Haggblade, Steven & Longabaugh, Steven & Boughton, Duncan & Dembele, Niama Nango & Diallo, Boubacar Cisse & Staatz, John M. & Tschirley, David L., 2012. "Staple Food Market Sheds in West Africa," Food Security International Development Working Papers 121866, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    4. Catherine Araujo Bonjean & Jean-Louis Combes, 2010. "De la mesure de l'intégration des marchés agricoles dans les pays en développement," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(1), pages 5-20.
    5. Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN & Claudio ARAUJO & Stephanie BRUNELIN, 2010. "Alert at Maradi: preventing food crisis using price signals," Working Papers 201023, CERDI.
    6. Staatz, John M. & Dembele, Niama Nango & Kelly, Valerie A. & Adjao, Ramziath, 2008. "Agricultural Globalization in Reverse: The Impact of the Food Crisis in West Africa," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55466, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    7. Dembele, Niama Nango & Staatz, John M., 1999. "The Response Of Cereals Traders To Agricultural Market Reform In Mali," Staff Papers 11476, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    8. Dembele, Niama Nango & Staatz, John M., 1999. "The Impact Of Market Reform On Agricultural Transformation In Mali," Staff Papers 11717, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    9. Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN & Johny EGG & Magali AUBERT, 2008. "Commerce du mil en Afrique de l’Ouest : les frontières abolies ?," Working Papers 200831, CERDI.
    10. Supee Teravaninthorn & Gaël Raballand, 2009. "Transport Prices and Costs in Africa : A Review of the International Corridors," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6610.
    11. Kelly, Valerie A. & Carpenter, Janet & Diall, Oumar & Easterling, Tom & Kone, Moctar & McCornick, Peter G. & McGahuey, Mike, 2005. "Options for Economic Growth in Mali through the Application of Science and Technology to Agriculture," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 56243, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    12. David A. Bessler & Alpha Kergna, 2002. "Price Discovery: The Case of Millet in Bamako, Mali," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 11(4), pages 472-502, December.
    13. David Tschirley & Colin Poulton & Patrick Labaste, 2009. "Organization and Performance of Cotton Sectors in Africa : Learning from Reform Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2604.
    14. Boughton, Duncan & Dembele, Niama Nango, 2010. "Rapid Reconnaissance of Coarse Grain Production and Marketing in the CMDT zone of southern Mali: field work report of the IER-CSA-PROMISAM team December 13-19, 2009," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 62226, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kelly, Valerie A. & Mather, David, 2012. "Farmers’ Production and Marketing Response to Rice Price Increases and Fertilizer Subsidies in the Office Du Niger," Food Security International Development Working Papers 146941, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    2. Kelly, Valerie & Diakité, Lamissa & Teme, Bino, 2015. "Sorghum Productivity in Mali: Past, Present, and Future," Food Security International Development Working Papers 207024, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    3. Allen, James E. IV, 2014. "Determinants of Land Allocation in a Multi-Crop Farming System: An Application of the Fractional Multinomial Logit Model to Agricultural Households in Mali," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170175, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy;

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