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Urban wastewater and agricultural reuse challenges in India


  • Amerasinghe, Priyani H.
  • Bhardwaj, Rajendra Mohan
  • Scott, Christopher A.
  • Jella, Kiran
  • Marshall, Fiona


Urban wastewater management has become a challenge in India as infrastructural development and regulations have not kept pace with population growth and urbanization. Annually, more and more people are moving into cities, and the figures are expected to reach about 600 million by 2030 making India more peri-urban than rural. This study attempted to analyze the current status of wastewater generation, its uses and livelihood benefits especially in agriculture, based on national data and case studies from Ahmedabad, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur and Kolkata.

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  • Amerasinghe, Priyani H. & Bhardwaj, Rajendra Mohan & Scott, Christopher A. & Jella, Kiran & Marshall, Fiona, 2013. "Urban wastewater and agricultural reuse challenges in India," IWMI Reports 147104, International Water Management Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iwmirp:147104
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.147104

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mekala, G. D. & Davidson, B. & Samad, Madar & Boland, A. M., 2008. "Wastewater reuse and recycling systems: a perspective into India and Australia," IWMI Working Papers H041343, International Water Management Institute.
    2. World Bank, 2004. "Water Resources Sector Strategy : Strategic Directions for World Bank Engagement," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15013, December.
    3. Raschid-Sally, Liqa & Jayakody, Priyantha, 2008. "Drivers and characteristics of wastewater agriculture in developing countries: results from a global assessment," IWMI Research Reports H041686, International Water Management Institute.
    4. Amerasinghe, Priyanie & Weckenbrock, P. & Simmons, R. & Acharya, Sreedhar & Drescher, A. & Blummel, M., 2009. "An atlas of water quality, health and agronomic risks and benefits associated with "wastewater" irrigated agriculture: a study from the banks of the Musi River, India. [Report prepared for t," IWMI Research Reports H042566, International Water Management Institute.
    5. Srinivasan, Jeena T. & Reddy, V. Ratna, 2009. "Impact of irrigation water quality on human health: A case study in India," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(11), pages 2800-2807, September.
    6. Mekala, G. D. & Davidson, B. & Samad, Madar & Boland, A. M., 2008. "A framework for efficient wastewater treatment and recycling systems," IWMI Working Papers H041344, International Water Management Institute.
    7. Hanjra, Munir A. & Qureshi, M. Ejaz, 2010. "Global water crisis and future food security in an era of climate change," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 365-377, October.
    8. Mekala, Gayathri Devi & Davidson, Brian & Samad, Madar & Boland, Anne-Maree, 2008. "A framework for efficient wastewater treatment and recycling systems," IWMI Research Reports 46387, International Water Management Institute.
    9. Qadir, M. & Wichelns, D. & Raschid-Sally, L. & McCornick, P.G. & Drechsel, P. & Bahri, A. & Minhas, P.S., 2010. "The challenges of wastewater irrigation in developing countries," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(4), pages 561-568, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Karpouzoglou, Timothy & Marshall, Fiona & Mehta, Lyla, 2018. "Towards a peri-urban political ecology of water quality decline," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 485-493.
    2. Pradeep Kuttuva & Sharachchandra Lele & Gara Villalba Mendez, 2018. "Decentralized Wastewater Systems in Bengaluru, India: Success or Failure?," Water Economics and Policy (WEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(02), pages 1-22, April.
    3. Marshall, Fiona & Dolley, Jonathan, 2019. "Transformative innovation in peri-urban Asia," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 983-992.
    4. Chandrakant D. Thatte, 2018. "Water resources development in India," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 16-27, January.
    5. Never, Babette, 2016. "Wastewater systems and energy saving in urban India: governing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus series," Discussion Papers 12/2016, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    6. Dennis Wichelns, 2015. "Achieving Water and Food Security in 2050: Outlook, Policies, and Investments," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-33, April.
    7. Karthick Radhakrishnan & Sukanya Das, 2019. "Application of Stochastic Frontier Production Function in Sugarcane Industry-treated Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture: Case Study of a Coastal District in Tamil Nadu, India," Arthaniti: Journal of Economic Theory and Practice, , vol. 18(2), pages 185-200, December.

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