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Paying Farmers to Reduce Nitrogen Application on Corn: The Baseline Approach

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  • Horowitz, John
  • Ueda, Kohei

Abstract

We model a simulated green-payment policy to reduce nitrogen application on corn. In contrast to other papers, we recognize that the farm’s business-as-usual application rate cannot be known by the policymaker. We develop a structural model and data-driven approach to address this issue. We find that only one-third of the credits that would receive payments would be additional nitrogen reductions. The substantial volume of non-additional “reductions” leads the effective payment rate to be 3.5 times the price paid by the simulated policy. We discuss a further eligibility criterion that can improve policy performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Horowitz, John & Ueda, Kohei, 2013. "Paying Farmers to Reduce Nitrogen Application on Corn: The Baseline Approach," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150561, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:150561
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/150561
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ribaudo, Marc & Delgado, Jorge & Livingston, Michael J., 2011. "Preliminary Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Offsets in a Cap and Trade Program," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(2), August.
    2. Francisco Rosas & Bruce A. Babcock & Dermot J. Hayes, 2011. "A Nonlinear Offset Program to Reduce Nitrous Oxide Emissions Induced by Excessive Nitrogen Application," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 11-wp521, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    3. Harrison Fell & Dallas Burtraw & Richard Morgenstern & Karen Palmer, 2012. "Climate Policy Design with Correlated Uncertainties in Offset Supply and Abatement Cost," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 88(3), pages 589-611.
    4. Claassen, Roger & Duquette, Eric, 0. "Additionality in Agricultural Conservation Programs," Amber Waves, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 08, September.
    5. Finger, Robert & Hediger, Werner, 2007. "The Application of Robust Regression to a Production Function Comparison – the Example of Swiss Corn," MPRA Paper 4740, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Ruben N. Lubowski & Andrew J. Plantinga & Robert N. Stavins, 2008. "What Drives Land-Use Change in the United States? A National Analysis of Landowner Decisions," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 84(4), pages 529-550.
    7. Mariano Mezzatesta & David A. Newburn & Richard T. Woodward, 2013. "Additionality and the Adoption of Farm Conservation Practices," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 89(4), pages 722-742.
    8. Richard D. Horan & Roger Claassen, 2007. "Targeting Green Payments under a Budget Constraint," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 83(3), pages 319-330.
    9. Marshall, Elizabeth P. & Weinberg, Marca, 2012. "Baselines in Environmental Markets: Tradeoffs Between Cost and Additionality," Economic Brief 138922, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    10. Ribaudo, Marc & Ghosh, Gaurav S. & Shortle, James S., 2009. "Do baseline requirements hinder trades in water quality trading programs?," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49258, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries;

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