IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Regulatory Oversight and the Food Safety of Ground Beef in the National School Lunch Program


  • Ollinger, Michael
  • Wilkus, Jim


This paper examines the impact of food safety standards imposed on suppliers of ground beef to the National School Lunch Program by the Agricultural Marketing Service. Probit regression results show that plants approved by AMS that bid on contracts to supply the NSLP had a higher level of food safety performance than both plants approved by AMS but not bidding on NSLP contracts and other plants regulated by the Food Safety Inspection Service. Plants approved to bid on NSLP contracts but not bidding on contracts had a lower level of food safety performance than both other types of plants. Results after 2009 suggest that differences in food safety performance may have narrowed. The paper also provides some evidence of strategic behavior by plant managers in which they use information about their plant’s food safety performance to decide whether to bid on a contract to supply the NSLP.

Suggested Citation

  • Ollinger, Michael & Wilkus, Jim, 2013. "Regulatory Oversight and the Food Safety of Ground Beef in the National School Lunch Program," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 149967, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:149967

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. S. Andrew Starbird, 2005. "Moral Hazard, Inspection Policy, and Food Safety," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(1), pages 15-27.
    2. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    3. Ollinger, Michael & Mueller, Valerie, 2003. "Managing For Safer Food: The Economics Of Sanitation And Process Controls In Meat And Poultry Plants," Agricultural Economics Reports 33975, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. John M. Antle, 2000. "No Such Thing as a Free Safe Lunch: The Cost of Food Safety Regulation in the Meat Industry," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(2), pages 310-322.
    5. Chiburis, Richard C. & Das, Jishnu & Lokshin, Michael, 2012. "A practical comparison of the bivariate probit and linear IV estimators," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(3), pages 762-766.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    food safety; national school lunch program; regulation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:149967. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.