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Effects of Family, Friends, and Relative Prices on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by African American Youths

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  • Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr
  • Jensen, Helen H.
  • Garasky, Steven B.
  • Cutrona, Carolyn E.
  • Gibbons, Frederick X.

Abstract

Facilitating healthy eating among young people, particularly among minorities who are at high risk for gaining excess weight, is at the forefront of current policy discussions and food program reviews. We investigate the effects of social interactions and relative prices on fruit and vegetable consumption by African American youths using rich behavioral data from the Family and Community Health Study and area-specific food prices. We find the presence of endogenous effects between a youth and parent, but not between a youth and friend. Lower relative prices of fruits and vegetables tend to increase intakes. Results suggest that health interventions targeting a family member may be an effective way to increase fruit and vegetable intake by African Americans as a result of spillover consumption effects between the youths and parents.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr & Jensen, Helen H. & Garasky, Steven B. & Cutrona, Carolyn E. & Gibbons, Frederick X., 2011. "Effects of Family, Friends, and Relative Prices on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by African American Youths," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 103411, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea11:103411
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Laurian Unnevehr & James Eales & Helen Jensen & Jayson Lusk & Jill McCluskey & Jean Kinsey, 2010. "Food and Consumer Economics," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(2), pages 506-521.
    2. Renna, Francesco & Grafova, Irina B. & Thakur, Nidhi, 2008. "The effect of friends on adolescent body weight," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 377-387, December.
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    Keywords

    social interactions; healthy food choices; fruit and vegetable consumption; African American youth; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; I12; J15; C35;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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