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Factors Affecting Grain Consumption: Evidence from 1999-2002 NHANES Survey Data


  • Mancino, Lisa
  • Carlson, Andrea


The latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that half of all daily grain servings be whole grains. Meeting the new guidelines may be a tall order for most Americans. Targeting nutrition messages that educate people on how to comply with these new recommendations requires a solid understanding of who needs to boost their whole grain intake. It also requires a better understanding of the way people consume grain-based foods - which types of foods, eating occasion and locations are more conducive to whole grain intake and which are more conducive to refined grain intake. This analysis makes use of the most recent NHANES data (1999-2002). We use data from the dietary recall and link it to a nutrient database that provides the number of food group servings for each food consumed in the 24 hour period to estimate how individuals' consumption of both total and whole grain correlate with socio-economic factors, specific health indicators, and behaviors related to food choices.

Suggested Citation

  • Mancino, Lisa & Carlson, Andrea, 2005. "Factors Affecting Grain Consumption: Evidence from 1999-2002 NHANES Survey Data," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19529, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea05:19529
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.19529

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    2. Shi, Hongqi & Price, David W., 1998. "Impacts Of Sociodemographic Variables On The Implicit Values Of Breakfast Cereal Characteristics," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 23(1), pages 1-14, July.
    3. Jaehong Park & George C. Davis, 2001. "The Theory and Econometrics of Health Information in Cross-Sectional Nutrient Demand Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(4), pages 840-851.
    4. Abdulai, Awudu & Aubert, Dominique, 2004. "A cross-section analysis of household demand for food and nutrients in Tanzania," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 31(1), pages 67-79, July.
    5. Christèle Moutou & Gary W. Brester & John A. Fox, 1998. "US consumers' socioeconomic characteristics and consumption of grain-based foods," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 63-72.
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