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Free Trade Agreements and Firm-Product Markups in Chilean Manufacturing

Listed author(s):
  • A. R. Lamorgese

    (Bank of Italy)

  • A. Linarello

    (Bank of Italy and UPF)

  • Frederic Warzynski

    ()

    (Department of Economics and Business, Aarhus University, Denmark)

In this paper, we use detailed information about firms’ product portfolio to study how trade liberalization affects prices, markups and productivity. We document these effects using firm product level data in Chilean manufacturing following two major trade agreements with the EU and the US. The dataset provides information about the value and quantity of each good produced by the firm, as well as the amount of exports. One additional and unique characteristic of our dataset is that it provides a firm-product level measure of the unit average cost. We use this information to compute a firm-product level measure of the profit margin that a firm can generate. We find that new products start being sold on foreign markets as export tariff fall. Moreover, for those products, we observe a fall in both prices and unit average costs. Those effects are mainly driven by an increase in productivity at the firm-product level. On average, adjustment on the profit margin does not appear to play a role. However, for more differentiated products, we find some evidence of an increase in markups, suggesting that firms do not fully pass-through increases in productivity on prices whenever they have enough bargaining power.

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File URL: ftp://ftp.econ.au.dk/afn/wp/14/wp14_16.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2014-16.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: 10 Jun 2014
Handle: RePEc:aah:aarhec:2014-16
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.au.dk/afn/

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