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Labor Force as a Resource for Rural Entrepreneurship in Romania

In: 16th Economic International Conference NCOE 4.0 2020


  • Carmen Boghean

    (“Ștefan cel Mare†University of Suceava)

  • Mihaela State

    (“Ștefan cel Mare†University of Suceava)


In rural areas there are smaller opportunities to find jobs, because of lower economic activity than in urban areas. The labour market faces different challenges than those in urban areas, where people are closer to education, training and employment opportunities. The main obstacle in obtaining a job by the rural population is the lack of employment opportunities for individuals in the localities of residence. In addition to the above, we can add the lack of education, specific skills, respectively the lack of desire or motivation to work. An essential aspect for increasing employability in rural areas is the personal and professional development of jobseekers during the process of identifying and seeking it. Entrepreneurship has a decisive role to play in increasing employment and social integration of the population in rural areas. In order to reduce unemployment and increase the employment rate of the rural population, rural entrepreneurs must be supported and encouraged to capitalize on. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the participation of the population to labour force in rural areas. The data were collected from the website of The National Institute of Statistics and were analysed using the descriptive method. The results show that unemployment rates are higher in rural areas, in the context of aging and increased migration in these areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Carmen Boghean & Mihaela State, 2020. "Labor Force as a Resource for Rural Entrepreneurship in Romania," Book chapters-LUMEN Proceedings, in: Carmen NÄ‚STASE (ed.), 16th Economic International Conference NCOE 4.0 2020, edition 1, volume 13, chapter 29, pages 327-336, Editura Lumen.
  • Handle: RePEc:lum:prchap:13-29

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Otiman, Paun Ion & Toderoiu, Filon & Florian, Violeta & Alexandri, Cecilia & Gavrilescu, Camelia & Ionel, Iuliana & Grodea, Mariana & Alboiu, Cornelia & Moldovan, Minodora & Gosa, Vasile & Nagy, Andre, 2010. "Agriculture And Rural Development In Romania – The Main Modalities To Attenuate The Crisis Effects And To Resume Economic Growth," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 7(2), pages 163-211.
    2. Esteban Lafuente & Yancy Vaillant & Josep Rialp, 2007. "Regional Differences in the Influence of Role Models: Comparing the Entrepreneurial Process of Rural Catalonia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(6), pages 779-796.
    3. Carmen BOGHEAN & Mihaela STATE, 2013. "Analysis Of The Factors Affecting The Average Labour Productivity Variation In Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing In Romania," The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Public Administration, vol. 13(2(18)), pages 35-41, June.
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    More about this item


    labour force participation; employment; unemployment; rural areas;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights


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