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Start-ups and Local Entrepreneurial Social Capital in the Municipalities of Sweden

Author

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  • Hans Westlund
  • Johan P. Larsson
  • Amy Rader Olsson

Abstract

Westlund H., Larsson J. P. and Olsson A. R. Start-ups and local entrepreneurial social capital in the municipalities of Sweden, Regional Studies . This paper contains one of the first empirical attempts to investigate the influence of local entrepreneurial social capital (ESC) on start-up propensity. A unique database, including not only total start-ups but also data on start-ups divided into six sectors, is used to study the impact of ESC on start-ups per capita. The results support the hypothesis that social capital, measured both as (1) firm perception of local public attitudes to entrepreneurship and (2) the share of small businesses influences start-up propensity in Swedish municipalities. The findings also support previous results suggesting that social capital has a somewhat stronger influence in rural areas than in urban areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Westlund & Johan P. Larsson & Amy Rader Olsson, 2014. "Start-ups and Local Entrepreneurial Social Capital in the Municipalities of Sweden," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(6), pages 974-994, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:48:y:2014:i:6:p:974-994
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2013.865836
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sofia Wixe, 2020. "Long-term neighbourhood effects on immigrant self-employment," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 57(13), pages 2733-2753, October.
    2. Matthew Roskruge & Jacques Poot & Laura King, 2016. "Social capital, entrepreneurship and living standards: differences between migrants and the native born," Chapters, in: Hans Westlund & Johan P. Larsson (ed.),Handbook of Social Capital and Regional Development, chapter 9, pages 221-254, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Diana Escandon-Barbosa & David Urbano-Pulido & Andrea Hurtado-Ayala, 2019. "Exploring the Relationship between Formal and Informal Institutions, Social Capital, and Entrepreneurial Activity in Developing and Developed Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(2), pages 1-20, January.
    4. Nick Williams & Robert Huggins & Piers Thompson, 2020. "Entrepreneurship and Social Capital: Examining the Association in Deprived Urban Neighbourhoods," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 289-309, March.
    5. Niclas Lavesson, 2018. "How does distance to urban centres influence necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 97(4), pages 1279-1303, November.
    6. Joan-Lluís Capelleras & Ignacio Contin-Pilart & Martin Larraza-Kintana & Victor Martin-Sanchez, 2019. "Entrepreneurs’ human capital and growth aspirations: the moderating role of regional entrepreneurial culture," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 3-25, January.
    7. Elvin Afandi & Majid Kermani & Fuad Mammadov, 2017. "Social capital and entrepreneurial process," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 685-716, September.
    8. Marijn A. van Weele & Henk J. Steinz & Frank J. van Rijnsoever, 2018. "Start‐up Communities as Communities of Practice: Shining a Light on Geographical Scale and Membership," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 109(2), pages 173-188, April.
    9. Özge Öner, 2017. "Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 72-91, January.
    10. Sin Tian Ho, Cynthia & Fili, Andreas, 2020. "Dynamic financial landscapes and entrepreneurial cultures on new firm formation in different industries," Working Paper Series 20/12, Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management & Banking and Finance.
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    12. Lianne Hans & Sierdjan Koster, 2018. "Urbanization and start-up rates in different geographies: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Sweden," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 1033-1054, December.
    13. Larsson, Johan P. & Wennberg, Karl & Wiklund, Johan & Wright, Mike, 2017. "Location choices of graduate entrepreneurs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1490-1504.
    14. Lindholm-Dahlstrand, Asa & Andersson, Martin & Carlsson, Bo, 2016. "Entrepreneurial Experimentation: A key function in Entrepreneurial Systems of Innovation," Papers in Innovation Studies 2016/20, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation Research.
    15. David B. Audretsch & Maksim Belitski & Sameeksha Desai, 2019. "National Business Regulations and City Entrepreneurship in Europe: A Multilevel Nested Analysis," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 43(6), pages 1148-1165, November.
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    17. Mauricio Oyarzo & Gianni Romani & Miguel Atienza & Marcelo Lufin, 2015. "Spatio-temporal persistence of municipal rates of business start-ups in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 61, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2015.
    18. Deller, Steven C. & Conroy, Tessa & Markeson, Bjorn, 2018. "Social capital, religion and small business activity," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 365-381.
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    20. Andersson, Martin & Lavesson, Niclas & Partridge, Mark D., 2019. "Local Rates of New Firm Formation: An Empirical Exploration using Swedish Data," Working Paper Series 1290, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    21. Massimo Baù & Francesco Chirico & Daniel Pittino & Mikaela Backman & Johan Klaesson, 2019. "Roots to Grow: Family Firms and Local Embeddedness in Rural and Urban Contexts," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 43(2), pages 360-385, March.
    22. Jesús Peiró-Palomino & Andrés J. Picazo-Tadeo, 2019. "Is Social Capital Green? Cultural Features and Environmental Performance in the European Union," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 72(3), pages 795-822, March.

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