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How Well Does a Monetary Dynamics Equilibrium Model Account for Chilean Data?

In: General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy

  • Roberto Duncan

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

The purpose of this paper is to figure out how well a money-in-the-utility-function model with a Taylor rule can match Chilean data, specially some monetary stylized facts. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is formulated, solved and calibrated to evaluate its ability to replicate the main features of the Chilean economy in the 1986-2000 period. In particular, it focuses on a possible explanation to what the empirical literature calls the "price puzzle", the co-movement between interest rate and inflation. The solution of the model is adequately achieved through a perturbation method (second-order approximation). A positive transitory policy interest rate shock causes: (1) a temporary (non-significant) decline in output, (2) a decrease in real money balances, and (3) a temporary increase in the inflation rate. These findings are relatively consistent with those obtained from impulse-response functions estimated for Chile. Therefore, the theoretical model proposed is able to explain and reproduce the co-movement between interest rate and inflation. This relationship is caused by a Fisher effect and strengthened by the presence of a Taylor rule that depends positively on inflation deviation from its steady state equilibrium.

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This chapter was published in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Editor) (ed.) General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, , chapter 6, pages 189-220, 2005.
This item is provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series with number v09c06pp189-220.
Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchsb:v09c06pp189-220
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