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A Decade of Inflation Targeting in Chile: Developments, Lessons, and Challenges

In: Inflation Targeting: Desing, Performance, Challenges

  • Felipe Morandé

    (Universidad de Chile)

Chile was among the first countries in the world to adopt a monetary framework based on an explicit, publicly announced, annual inflation target, when the term "inflation targeting" had not been even formalized. The country’s inflationary past suggested to combine tough inflation targeting parameters (to enhance the Central Bank’s reputation) and a gradual transition from moderately high inflation to a long-run inflation goal of 3%. After attaining this long-run objective in 1999 and a reputation of inflation-averse, the Central Bank of Chile has moved toward flexibility along the credibility-flexibility trade-off. Finally, having a third objective in the form of an asymmetric threshold for the current-account deficit was reflected in some episodes during which the implicit short-run output stabilization objective was made less important. Notwithstanding the success in reducing inflation during the 90s, without apparently paying real costs, the current inflation target regime faces a few challenges in its quest for keeping a low and stable inflation.

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This chapter was published in: Norman Loayza & Raimundo Soto & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Editor) (ed.) Inflation Targeting: Desing, Performance, Challenges, , chapter 14, pages 583-626, 2002.
This item is provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series with number v05c14pp583-626.
Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchsb:v05c14pp583-626
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  1. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Mendoza, Enrique, 1998. "Empirical Puzzles of Chilean Stabilization Policy," Working Papers 98-02, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  2. Nicoletta Batini & Edward Nelson, 1999. "Optimal Horizons for Inflation Targeting," Computing in Economics and Finance 1999 1052, Society for Computational Economics.
  3. Stephen Cecchetti & Michael Ehrmann, 2000. "Does Inflation Targeting Increase Output volatility? An International Comparison of Policy Maker's Preferences and Outcomes," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 69, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. Mahadeva, Lavan & Sterne, Gabriel, 2002. "Inflation Targets as a Stabilization Device," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 70(4), pages 619-50, Special I.
  5. Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Luis Serven, 2000. "Policy Shifts and External Shocks in Chile Under Rational Expectations," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1098, Econometric Society.
  6. Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Tapia, Matias, 2002. "Inflation targeting in Chile," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 125-146, August.
  7. Juan Pablo Medina & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2002. "Optimal Monetary Policy Rules under Inflation Range Targeting," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series (ed.), Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 5, pages 095-116 Central Bank of Chile.
  8. Vittorio Corbo, 1998. "Reaching One-Digit Inflation: The Chilean Experience," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 123-163, November.
  9. Frederic S. Mishkin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2001. "One Decade of Inflation Targeting in the World: What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know?," NBER Working Papers 8397, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer, 1988. "The New Keynsesian Economics and the Output-Inflation Trade-off," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 1-82.
  11. Taylor, John B, 1979. "Staggered Wage Setting in a Macro Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 108-13, May.
  12. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "No Single Currency Regime is Right for All Countries or At All Times," NBER Working Papers 7338, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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