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Factores que influyen en las diferencias de los ingresos del trabajo. Ensayo sobre el caso español en 2011

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9

Listed author(s):
  • Mª Covadonga De la Iglesia Villasol

    ()

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • Laura Vitriago

    ()

    (UCM)

El trabajo aborda el estudio de los factores socioculturales y económicos que determinan las diferencias salariales, realizado a partir de la información contenida en la Encuesta de Presupuestos Familiares (EPF) del 2011 en España. Junto con estos datos y parte de la información disponible en nuestro país sobre diversos estudios que se han realizado sobre la Ecuación de Mincer, se intenta comprobar la hipótesis de que junto con factores racionales, como el nivel de educación, la experiencia, lugar de residencia o la edad, que influyen en la percepción de los salarios, se observa que hay otros factores no racionales, como el sexo, la nacionalidad o el estado civil, cuyas causas deberían ser objeto de mayores reflexiones. Una aportación importante de este documento es realizar el estudio a través del método de probabilidad no lineal (Logit), en lugar de los Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios (MCO) utilizados en la mayoría de los estudios previos que estiman la ecuación Mincer, así como el uso de los datos de la EPF. El método econométrico elegido permite determinar un patrón de comportamiento básico y realizar a partir de él ejercicios de estática, para estudiar tanto las relaciones entre dichas variables, racionales o no, y sus probabilidades.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Adela García Aracil & Isabel Neira Gómez (ed.), 2014. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 9, number 09, August.
  • This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 9 with number 09-39.
    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed09:09-39
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com

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    References listed on IDEAS
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    1. George Psacharopoulos, 1985. "Returns to Education: A Further International Update and Implications," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(4), pages 583-604.
    2. Claudio Sapelli., 2009. "Los Retornos a la Educación en Chile: Estimaciones por Corte Transversal y por Cohortes," Documentos de Trabajo 349, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    3. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
    4. M. Arrazola & J. De Hevia & M. Risueno & J. F. Sanz, 2003. "Returns to education in Spain: Some evidence on the endogeneity of schooling," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 293-304.
    5. Griliches, Zvi, 1977. "Estimating the Returns to Schooling: Some Econometric Problems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(1), pages 1-22, January.
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